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This is a "connection" page, showing publications co-authored by Carl Langefeld and Donald Bowden.
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14.683
  1. Bowden DW, An SS, Palmer ND, Brown WM, Norris JM, Haffner SM, Hawkins GA, Guo X, Rotter JI, Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD. Molecular basis of a linkage peak: exome sequencing and family-based analysis identify a rare genetic variant in the ADIPOQ gene in the IRAS Family Study. Hum Mol Genet. 2010 Oct 15; 19(20):4112-20.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.460
  2. Bowden DW, Rudock M, Ziegler J, Lehtinen AB, Xu J, Wagenknecht LE, Herrington D, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Langefeld CD. Coincident linkage of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and measures of cardiovascular disease in a genome scan of the diabetes heart study. Diabetes. 2006 Jul; 55(7):1985-94.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.346
  3. Langefeld CD, Comeau ME, Ng MCY, Guan M, Dimitrov L, Mudgal P, Spainhour MH, Julian BA, Edberg JC, Croker JA, Divers J, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW, Chan GC, Ma L, Palmer ND, Kimberly RP, Freedman BI. Genome-wide association studies suggest that APOL1-environment interactions more likely trigger kidney disease in African Americans with nondiabetic nephropathy than strong APOL1-second gene interactions. Kidney Int. 2018 09; 94(3):599-607.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.198
  4. Palmer ND, Okut H, Hsu FC, Ng MCY, Chen YI, Goodarzi MO, Taylor KD, Norris JM, Lorenzo C, Rotter JI, Bergman RN, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW. Metabolomics Identifies Distinctive Metabolite Signatures for Measures of Glucose Homeostasis: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study (IRAS-FS). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 05 01; 103(5):1877-1888.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.197
  5. Langefeld CD, Comeau ME, Sharma NK, Bowden DW, Freedman BI, Das SK. Transcriptional Regulatory Mechanisms in Adipose and Muscle Tissue Associated with Composite Glucometabolic Phenotypes. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 03; 26(3):559-569.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.193
  6. Tabb KL, Hellwege JN, Palmer ND, Dimitrov L, Sajuthi S, Taylor KD, Ng MC, Hawkins GA, Chen YI, Brown WM, McWilliams D, Williams A, Lorenzo C, Norris JM, Long J, Rotter JI, Curran JE, Blangero J, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Analysis of Whole Exome Sequencing with Cardiometabolic Traits Using Family-Based Linkage and Association in the IRAS Family Study. Ann Hum Genet. 2017 Mar; 81(2):49-58.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.180
  7. Hellwege JN, Palmer ND, Dimitrov L, Keaton JM, Tabb KL, Sajuthi S, Taylor KD, Ng MC, Speliotes EK, Hawkins GA, Long J, Ida Chen YD, Lorenzo C, Norris JM, Rotter JI, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW. Genome-wide linkage and association analysis of cardiometabolic phenotypes in Hispanic Americans. J Hum Genet. 2017 Feb; 62(2):175-184.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.175
  8. Palmer ND, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Wang N, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Allayee H, Bergman RN, Raffel LJ, Chen YD, Haritunians T, Fingerlin T, Goodarzi MO, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Bowden DW. Improved Performance of Dynamic Measures of Insulin Response Over Surrogate Indices to Identify Genetic Contributors of Type 2 Diabetes: The GUARDIAN Consortium. Diabetes. 2016 07; 65(7):2072-80.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.171
  9. Adams JN, Raffield LM, Martelle SE, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of advanced glycation end products in the DHS MIND study. Gene. 2016 Jun 15; 584(2):173-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.169
  10. Adams JN, Martelle SE, Raffield LM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Hsu FC, Maldjian JA, Williamson JD, Hugenschmidt CE, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Analysis of advanced glycation end products in the DHS Mind Study. J Diabetes Complications. 2016 Mar; 30(2):262-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.166
  11. Hawkins GA, Friedman DJ, Lu L, McWilliams DR, Chou JW, Sajuthi S, Divers J, Parekh RS, Li M, Genovese G, Pollack MR, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW, Ma L, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD. Re-Sequencing of the APOL1-APOL4 and MYH9 Gene Regions in African Americans Does Not Identify Additional Risks for CKD Progression. Am J Nephrol. 2015; 42(2):99-106.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.164
  12. Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Hsu FC, Bowden DW. Analysis of a cardiovascular disease genetic risk score in the Diabetes Heart Study. Acta Diabetol. 2015 Aug; 52(4):743-51.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.158
  13. Hellwege JN, Palmer ND, Mark Brown W, Brown MW, Ziegler JT, Sandy An S, An SS, Guo X, Ida Chen YD, Chen IY, Taylor K, Hawkins GA, Ng MC, Speliotes EK, Lorenzo C, Norris JM, Rotter JI, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Empirical characteristics of family-based linkage to a complex trait: the ADIPOQ region and adiponectin levels. Hum Genet. 2015 Feb; 134(2):203-13.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.155
  14. Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Hugenschmidt CE, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Williamson JD, Hsu FC, Maldjian JA, Bowden DW. Heritability and genetic association analysis of neuroimaging measures in the Diabetes Heart Study. Neurobiol Aging. 2015 Mar; 36(3):1602.e7-15.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.155
  15. Keaton JM, Cooke Bailey JN, Palmer ND, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Ng MC, Bowden DW. A comparison of type 2 diabetes risk allele load between African Americans and European Americans. Hum Genet. 2014 Dec; 133(12):1487-95.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.153
  16. Bonomo JA, Guan M, Ng MC, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Keaton JM, Lea JP, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. The ras responsive transcription factor RREB1 is a novel candidate gene for type 2 diabetes associated end-stage kidney disease. Hum Mol Genet. 2014 Dec 15; 23(24):6441-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.151
  17. Bonomo JA, Ng MC, Palmer ND, Keaton JM, Larsen CP, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Coding variants in nephrin (NPHS1) and susceptibility to nephropathy in African Americans. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 Aug 07; 9(8):1434-40.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.150
  18. Adams JN, Raffield LM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Ng MC, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Analysis of common and coding variants with cardiovascular disease in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2014 Apr 12; 13:77.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.148
  19. Hellwege JN, Palmer ND, Raffield LM, Ng MC, Hawkins GA, Long J, Lorenzo C, Norris JM, Ida Chen YD, Speliotes EK, Rotter JI, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW. Genome-wide family-based linkage analysis of exome chip variants and cardiometabolic risk. Genet Epidemiol. 2014 May; 38(4):345-52.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.148
  20. Cox AJ, Hugenschmidt CE, Raffield LM, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Williamson JD, Hsu FC, Bowden DW. Heritability and genetic association analysis of cognition in the Diabetes Heart Study. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Aug; 35(8):1958.e3-1958.e12.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.148
  21. Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Ng MC, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Genetic risk score associations with cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetes Care. 2014 Apr; 37(4):1157-64.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.147
  22. Palmer ND, Ng MC, Hicks PJ, Mudgal P, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Evaluation of candidate nephropathy susceptibility genes in a genome-wide association study of African American diabetic kidney disease. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e88273.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.147
  23. Bailey JNC, Palmer ND, Ng MCY, Bonomo JA, Hicks PJ, Hester JM, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Analysis of coding variants identified from exome sequencing resources for association with diabetic and non-diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. Hum Genet. 2014 Jun; 133(6):769-779.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.146
  24. Hellwege JN, Palmer ND, Ziegler JT, Langefeld CD, Lorenzo C, Norris JM, Takamura T, Bowden DW. Genetic variants in selenoprotein P plasma 1 gene (SEPP1) are associated with fasting insulin and first phase insulin response in Hispanics. Gene. 2014 Jan 15; 534(1):33-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.144
  25. Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Ng MC, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Impact of HDL genetic risk scores on coronary artery calcified plaque and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013 Jun 25; 12:95.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.140
  26. Sandy An S, Palmer ND, Hanley AJ, Ziegler JT, Mark Brown W, Freedman BI, Register TC, Rotter JI, Guo X, Ida Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of adiponectin variation and its association with type 2 diabetes in African Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Dec; 21(12):E721-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.140
  27. Cox AJ, Lambird JE, An SS, Register TC, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Variants in adiponectin signaling pathway genes show little association with subclinical CVD in the diabetes heart study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Sep; 21(9):E456-62.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.139
  28. Cox AJ, Ng MC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Koch KL, Dawson PA, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Hsu FC, Bowden DW. Association of SNPs in the UGT1A gene cluster with total bilirubin and mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study. Atherosclerosis. 2013 Jul; 229(1):155-60.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.139
  29. Adams JN, Cox AJ, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of haptoglobin polymorphisms with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013 Feb 11; 12:31.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.137
  30. Cox AJ, Hugenschmidt CE, Wang PT, Hsu FC, Kenchaiah S, Daniel K, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Herrington DM, Carr JJ, Stacey B, Bowden DW. Usefulness of biventricular volume as a predictor of mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (from the Diabetes Heart Study). Am J Cardiol. 2013 Apr 15; 111(8):1152-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.136
  31. Ng MC, Saxena R, Li J, Palmer ND, Dimitrov L, Xu J, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Zmuda JM, Siscovick DS, Patel SR, Crook ED, Sims M, Chen YD, Bertoni AG, Li M, Grant SF, Dupuis J, Meigs JB, Psaty BM, Pankow JS, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Rotter JI, Wilson JG, Bowden DW. Transferability and fine mapping of type 2 diabetes loci in African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association Resource Plus Study. Diabetes. 2013 Mar; 62(3):965-76.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.135
  32. Cox AJ, Lehtinen AB, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Polymorphisms in the Selenoprotein S gene and subclinical cardiovascular disease in the Diabetes Heart Study. Acta Diabetol. 2013 Jun; 50(3):391-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.135
  33. An SS, Palmer ND, Hanley AJ, Ziegler JT, Brown WM, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Rotter JI, Guo X, Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Estimating the contributions of rare and common genetic variations and clinical measures to a model trait: adiponectin. Genet Epidemiol. 2013 Jan; 37(1):13-24.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.134
  34. Bostrom MA, Perlegas P, Lu L, Hicks PJ, Hawkins G, Ng MC, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Relevance of the ACTN4 gene in African-Americans with non-diabetic end-stage renal disease. Am J Nephrol. 2012; 36(3):252-60.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.133
  35. Cooke JN, Ng MC, Palmer ND, An SS, Hester JM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Genetic risk assessment of type 2 diabetes-associated polymorphisms in African Americans. Diabetes Care. 2012 Feb; 35(2):287-92.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.127
  36. Cooke JN, Bostrom MA, Hicks PJ, Ng MC, Hellwege JN, Comeau ME, Divers J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Polymorphisms in MYH9 are associated with diabetic nephropathy in European Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012 Apr; 27(4):1505-11.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.125
  37. Ng MC, Hester JM, Wing MR, Li J, Xu J, Hicks PJ, Roh BH, Lu L, Divers J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Palmer ND, Bowden DW. Genome-wide association of BMI in African Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Mar; 20(3):622-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.122
  38. Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Lu L, Divers J, Comeau ME, Kopp JB, Winkler CA, Nelson GW, Johnson RC, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Bostrom MA, Cooke JN, McDonough CW, Bowden DW. Differential effects of MYH9 and APOL1 risk variants on FRMD3 Association with Diabetic ESRD in African Americans. PLoS Genet. 2011 Jun; 7(6):e1002150.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.122
  39. Lehtinen AB, Cox AJ, Ziegler JT, Voruganti VS, Xu J, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Comuzzie AG, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Genetic mapping of vascular calcified plaque loci on chromosome 16p in European Americans from the diabetes heart study. Ann Hum Genet. 2011 Mar; 75(2):222-35.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.120
  40. Wagenknecht LE, Palmer ND, Bowden DW, Rotter JI, Norris JM, Ziegler J, Chen YD, Haffner S, Scherzinger A, Langefeld CD. Association of PNPLA3 with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in a minority cohort: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Liver Int. 2011 Mar; 31(3):412-6.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.119
  41. McDonough CW, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Roh BH, An SS, Cooke JN, Hester JM, Wing MR, Bostrom MA, Rudock ME, Lewis JP, Talbert ME, Blevins RA, Lu L, Ng MC, Sale MM, Divers J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. A genome-wide association study for diabetic nephropathy genes in African Americans. Kidney Int. 2011 Mar; 79(5):563-72.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.118
  42. Bowden DW, Cox AJ, Freedman BI, Hugenschimdt CE, Wagenknecht LE, Herrington D, Agarwal S, Register TC, Maldjian JA, Ng MC, Hsu FC, Langefeld CD, Williamson JD, Carr JJ. Review of the Diabetes Heart Study (DHS) family of studies: a comprehensively examined sample for genetic and epidemiological studies of type 2 diabetes and its complications. Rev Diabet Stud. 2010; 7(3):188-201.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.117
  43. Palmer ND, Hester JM, An SS, Adeyemo A, Rotimi C, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Ng MC, Bowden DW. Resequencing and analysis of variation in the TCF7L2 gene in African Americans suggests that SNP rs7903146 is the causal diabetes susceptibility variant. Diabetes. 2011 Feb; 60(2):662-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.117
  44. Lewis JP, Palmer ND, Ellington JB, Divers J, Ng MC, Lu L, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Analysis of candidate genes on chromosome 20q12-13.1 reveals evidence for BMI mediated association of PREX1 with type 2 diabetes in European Americans. Genomics. 2010 Oct; 96(4):211-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.115
  45. Bostrom MA, Hicks PJ, Lu L, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Association of polymorphisms in the klotho gene with severity of non-diabetic ESRD in African Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Oct; 25(10):3348-55.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.113
  46. McDonough CW, Bostrom MA, Lu L, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Divers J, Mychaleckyj JC, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of diabetic nephropathy on chromosome 18 in African Americans: linkage analysis and dense SNP mapping. Hum Genet. 2009 Dec; 126(6):805-17.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.110
  47. Palmer ND, Mychaleckyj JC, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Bryer-Ash M, Bowden DW. Evaluation of DLG2 as a positional candidate for disposition index in African-Americans from the IRAS Family Study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2010 Jan; 87(1):69-76.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.109
  48. Freedman BI, Hicks PJ, Bostrom MA, Comeau ME, Divers J, Bleyer AJ, Kopp JB, Winkler CA, Nelson GW, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 gene MYH9 associations in African Americans with clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus-associated ESRD. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2009 Nov; 24(11):3366-71.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.107
  49. McDonough CW, Hicks PJ, Lu L, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. The influence of carnosinase gene polymorphisms on diabetic nephropathy risk in African-Americans. Hum Genet. 2009 Aug; 126(2):265-75.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.105
  50. Talbert ME, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Bowden DW. INSIG2 SNPs associated with obesity and glucose homeostasis traits in Hispanics: the IRAS Family Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Aug; 17(8):1554-62.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.105
  51. Wing MR, Ziegler J, Langefeld CD, Ng MC, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Goodarzi MO, Bowden DW. Analysis of FTO gene variants with measures of obesity and glucose homeostasis in the IRAS Family Study. Hum Genet. 2009 Jun; 125(5-6):615-26.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.105
  52. Sutton BS, Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Xue B, Proctor A, Ziegler JT, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Bowden DW. Association of SSTR2 polymorphisms and glucose homeostasis phenotypes: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Diabetes. 2009 Jun; 58(6):1457-62.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.105
  53. Freedman BI, Hicks PJ, Bostrom MA, Cunningham ME, Liu Y, Divers J, Kopp JB, Winkler CA, Nelson GW, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Polymorphisms in the non-muscle myosin heavy chain 9 gene (MYH9) are strongly associated with end-stage renal disease historically attributed to hypertension in African Americans. Kidney Int. 2009 Apr; 75(7):736-45.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.103
  54. Lehtinen AB, Daniel KR, Shah SA, Nelson MR, Ziegler JT, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Herrington DM, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Relationship between genetic variants in myocardial sodium and potassium channel genes and QT interval duration in diabetics: the Diabetes Heart Study. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2009 Jan; 14(1):72-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.103
  55. Talbert ME, Langefeld CD, Ziegler J, Mychaleckyj JC, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Bowden DW. Polymorphisms near SOCS3 are associated with obesity and glucose homeostasis traits in Hispanic Americans from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Hum Genet. 2009 Mar; 125(2):153-62.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.103
  56. Bostrom MA, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Liu L, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW. Association of adiponectin gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes in an African American population enriched for nephropathy. Diabetes. 2009 Feb; 58(2):499-504.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.102
  57. Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Bryer-Ash M, Rotter JI, Taylor KD, Bowden DW. Association of the Kir6.2 E23K variant with reduced acute insulin response in African-Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec; 93(12):4979-83.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.101
  58. Rudock ME, Liu Y, Ziegler JT, Allen SG, Lehtinen AB, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Association of polymorphisms in cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 with coronary and carotid calcium in the Diabetes Heart Study. Atherosclerosis. 2009 Apr; 203(2):459-65.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.100
  59. Burdon KP, Lehtinen AB, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Herrington D, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of the soluble epoxide hydrolase gene, EPHX2, in subclinical cardiovascular disease in the Diabetes Heart Study. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2008 Jun; 5(2):128-34.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.099
  60. Lewis JP, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Sale MM, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Divers J, Bowden DW. Association analysis in african americans of European-derived type 2 diabetes single nucleotide polymorphisms from whole-genome association studies. Diabetes. 2008 Aug; 57(8):2220-5.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.098
  61. Palmer ND, Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Ziegler J, Norris JM, Haffner SM, Bryer-Ash M, Bergman RN, Wagenknecht LE, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Bowden DW. Quantitative trait analysis of type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci identified from whole genome association studies in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Diabetes. 2008 Apr; 57(4):1093-100.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.097
  62. Lehtinen AB, Newton-Cheh C, Ziegler JT, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Daniel KR, Herrington DM, Bowden DW. Association of NOS1AP genetic variants with QT interval duration in families from the Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetes. 2008 Apr; 57(4):1108-14.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.097
  63. Palmer ND, Lehtinen AB, Langefeld CD, Campbell JK, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Bergman RN, Goodarzi MO, Rotter JI, Bowden DW. Association of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with reduced acute insulin response in Hispanic Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jan; 93(1):304-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.095
  64. Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. A comparison of risk factors for calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary, carotid, and abdominal aortic arteries: the diabetes heart study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Aug 01; 166(3):340-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.092
  65. Freedman BI, Hicks PJ, Sale MM, Pierson ED, Langefeld CD, Rich SS, Xu J, McDonough C, Janssen B, Yard BA, van der Woude FJ, Bowden DW. A leucine repeat in the carnosinase gene CNDP1 is associated with diabetic end-stage renal disease in European Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007 Apr; 22(4):1131-5.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.090
  66. Lange LA, Burdon K, Langefeld CD, Liu Y, Beck SR, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Brosnihan KB, Herrington DM, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW. Heritability and expression of C-reactive protein in type 2 diabetes in the Diabetes Heart Study. Ann Hum Genet. 2006 Nov; 70(Pt 6):717-25.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.089
  67. Lehtinen AB, Burdon KP, Lewis JP, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Rich SS, Register TC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Association of alpha2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein polymorphisms with subclinical atherosclerosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Jan; 92(1):345-52.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.088
  68. Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Campbell JK, Williams AH, Saad M, Norris JM, Haffner SM, Rotter JI, Wagenknecht LE, Bergman RN, Rich SS, Bowden DW. Genetic mapping of disposition index and acute insulin response loci on chromosome 11q. The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Family Study. Diabetes. 2006 Apr; 55(4):911-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.085
  69. Burdon KP, Langefeld CD, Beck SR, Wagenknecht LE, Carr JJ, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Herrington D, Bowden DW. Variants of the CD40 gene but not of the CD40L gene are associated with coronary artery calcification in the Diabetes Heart Study (DHS). Am Heart J. 2006 Mar; 151(3):706-11.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.085
  70. Burdon KP, Bento JL, Langefeld CD, Campbell JK, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LM, Herrington DM, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW. Association of protein tyrosine phosphatase-N1 polymorphisms with coronary calcified plaque in the Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetes. 2006 Mar; 55(3):651-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.085
  71. Bowden DW, Lange LA, Langefeld CD, Brosnihan KB, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LE, Herrington DM. The relationship between C-reactive protein and subclinical cardiovascular disease in the Diabetes Heart Study (DHS). Am Heart J. 2005 Nov; 150(5):1032-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.083
  72. Sutton BS, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Norris JM, Saad MF, Haffner SM, Bowden DW. Association of proopiomelanocortin gene polymorphisms with obesity in the IRAS family study. Obes Res. 2005 Sep; 13(9):1491-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.082
  73. Sutton BS, Weinert S, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Campbell JK, Saad MF, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of adiponectin and obesity in Hispanic families: the IRAS Family Study. Hum Genet. 2005 Jul; 117(2-3):107-18.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.080
  74. Bagwell AM, Bento JL, Mychaleckyj JC, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of HNF4A polymorphisms in Caucasian-American type 2 diabetes. Diabetes. 2005 Apr; 54(4):1185-90.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.079
  75. Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Valis CJ, Sale MM, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD. A genome scan for all-cause end-stage renal disease in African Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005 Apr; 20(4):712-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.079
  76. Bento JL, Palmer ND, Mychaleckyj JC, Lange LA, Langefeld CD, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Association of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes. 2004 Nov; 53(11):3007-12.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.077
  77. Bowden DW, Colicigno CJ, Langefeld CD, Sale MM, Williams A, Anderson PJ, Rich SS, Freedman BI. A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. Kidney Int. 2004 Oct; 66(4):1517-26.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.077
  78. Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Rich SS, Valis CJ, Sale MM, Williams AH, Brown WM, Beck SR, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW. A genome scan for ESRD in black families enriched for nondiabetic nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004 Oct; 15(10):2719-27.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.077
  79. Langefeld CD, Beck SR, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Wagenknecht LE, Freedman BI. Heritability of GFR and albuminuria in Caucasians with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 May; 43(5):796-800.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.074
  80. Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Riley W, Freedman BI, Moossavi S, Bowden DW. Race-specific relationships between coronary and carotid artery calcification and carotid intimal medial thickness. Stroke. 2004 May; 35(5):e97-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.074
  81. Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Rotter JI, Williams AH, Hokanson JE, Saad MF, Bowden DW, Haffner S, Norris JM, Rich SS, Mitchell BD. Linkage of the metabolic syndrome to 1q23-q31 in Hispanic families: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study Family Study. Diabetes. 2004 Apr; 53(4):1170-4.
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  82. Sale MM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Hicks PJ, Colicigno CJ, Beck SR, Brown WM, Rich SS, Bowden DW. A genome-wide scan for type 2 diabetes in African-American families reveals evidence for a locus on chromosome 6q. Diabetes. 2004 Mar; 53(3):830-7.
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  83. Bensen JT, Hsu FC, Brown WM, Sutton BS, Norris JM, Tracy RP, Jenny NS, Saad MF, Haffner S, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD. Association analysis of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 4G/5G polymorphism in Hispanics and African Americans: the IRAS family study. Hum Hered. 2004; 57(3):128-37.
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  84. Bensen JT, Langefeld CD, Hawkins GA, Green LE, Mychaleckyj JC, Brewer CS, Kiger DS, Binford SM, Colicigno CJ, Allred DC, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Nucleotide variation, haplotype structure, and association with end-stage renal disease of the human interleukin-1 gene cluster. Genomics. 2003 Aug; 82(2):194-217.
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  85. Bensen JT, Langefeld CD, Li L, McCall CE, Cousart SL, Dryman BN, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Association of an IL-1A 3'UTR polymorphism with end-stage renal disease and IL-1 alpha expression. Kidney Int. 2003 Apr; 63(4):1211-9.
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  88. Liu M, Frej C, Langefeld CD, Divers J, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Gebre AK, Xu J, Larsson B, Dahlbäck B, Freedman BI, Parks JS. Plasma apoM and S1P levels are inversely associated with mortality in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Lipid Res. 2019 08; 60(8):1425-1431.
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  89. Guan M, Keaton JM, Dimitrov L, Hicks PJ, Xu J, Palmer ND, Ma L, Das SK, Chen YI, Coresh J, Fornage M, Franceschini N, Kramer H, Langefeld CD, Mychaleckyj JC, Parekh RS, Post WS, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Rich SS, Rotter JI, Sedor JR, Thornley-Brown D, Tin A, Wilson JG, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Ng MCY. Genome-wide association study identifies novel loci for type 2 diabetes-attributed end-stage kidney disease in African Americans. Hum Genomics. 2019 05 15; 13(1):21.
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  91. Kilpeläinen TO, Bentley AR, Noordam R, Sung YJ, Schwander K, Winkler TW, Jakupovic H, Chasman DI, Manning A, Ntalla I, Aschard H, Brown MR, de Las Fuentes L, Franceschini N, Guo X, Vojinovic D, Aslibekyan S, Feitosa MF, Kho M, Musani SK, Richard M, Wang H, Wang Z, Bartz TM, Bielak LF, Campbell A, Dorajoo R, Fisher V, Hartwig FP, Horimoto ARVR, Li C, Lohman KK, Marten J, Sim X, Smith AV, Tajuddin SM, Alver M, Amini M, Boissel M, Chai JF, Chen X, Divers J, Evangelou E, Gao C, Graff M, Harris SE, He M, Hsu FC, Jackson AU, Zhao JH, Kraja AT, Kühnel B, Laguzzi F, Lyytikäinen LP, Nolte IM, Rauramaa R, Riaz M, Robino A, Rueedi R, Stringham HM, Takeuchi F, van der Most PJ, Varga TV, Verweij N, Ware EB, Wen W, Li X, Yanek LR, Amin N, Arnett DK, Boerwinkle E, Brumat M, Cade B, Canouil M, Chen YI, Concas MP, Connell J, de Mutsert R, de Silva HJ, de Vries PS, Demirkan A, Ding J, Eaton CB, Faul JD, Friedlander Y, Gabriel KP, Ghanbari M, Giulianini F, Gu CC, Gu D, Harris TB, He J, Heikkinen S, Heng CK, Hunt SC, Ikram MA, Jonas JB, Koh WP, Komulainen P, Krieger JE, Kritchevsky SB, Kutalik Z, Kuusisto J, Langefeld CD, Langenberg C, Launer LJ, Leander K, Lemaitre RN, Lewis CE, Liang J, Liu J, Mägi R, Manichaikul A, Meitinger T, Metspalu A, Milaneschi Y, Mohlke KL, Mosley TH, Murray AD, Nalls MA, Nang EK, Nelson CP, Nona S, Norris JM, Nwuba CV, O'Connell J, Palmer ND, Papanicolau GJ, Pazoki R, Pedersen NL, Peters A, Peyser PA, Polasek O, Porteous DJ, Poveda A, Raitakari OT, Rich SS, Risch N, Robinson JG, Rose LM, Rudan I, Schreiner PJ, Scott RA, Sidney SS, Sims M, Smith JA, Snieder H, Sofer T, Starr JM, Sternfeld B, Strauch K, Tang H, Taylor KD, Tsai MY, Tuomilehto J, Uitterlinden AG, van der Ende MY, van Heemst D, Voortman T, Waldenberger M, Wennberg P, Wilson G, Xiang YB, Yao J, Yu C, Yuan JM, Zhao W, Zonderman AB, Becker DM, Boehnke M, Bowden DW, de Faire U, Deary IJ, Elliott P, Esko T, Freedman BI, Froguel P, Gasparini P, Gieger C, Kato N, Laakso M, Lakka TA, Lehtimäki T, Magnusson PKE, Oldehinkel AJ, Penninx BWJH, Samani NJ, Shu XO, van der Harst P, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Vollenweider P, Wagenknecht LE, Wang YX, Wareham NJ, Weir DR, Wu T, Zheng W, Zhu X, Evans MK, Franks PW, Gudnason V, Hayward C, Horta BL, Kelly TN, Liu Y, North KE, Pereira AC, Ridker PM, Tai ES, van Dam RM, Fox ER, Kardia SLR, Liu CT, Mook-Kanamori DO, Province MA, Redline S, van Duijn CM, Rotter JI, Kooperberg CB, Gauderman WJ, Psaty BM, Rice K, Munroe PB, Fornage M, Cupples LA, Rotimi CN, Morrison AC, Rao DC, Loos RJF. Multi-ancestry study of blood lipid levels identifies four loci interacting with physical activity. Nat Commun. 2019 01 22; 10(1):376.
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  95. Gao C, Tabb KL, Dimitrov LM, Taylor KD, Wang N, Guo X, Long J, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Curran JE, Blangero J, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Palmer ND. Exome Sequencing Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Circulating Lipid Levels in Mexican Americans: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study (IRASFS). Sci Rep. 2018 04 04; 8(1):5603.
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  118. Sharma NK, Sajuthi SP, Chou JW, Calles-Escandon J, Demons J, Rogers S, Ma L, Palmer ND, McWilliams DR, Beal J, Comeau ME, Cherry K, Hawkins GA, Menon L, Kouba E, Davis D, Burris M, Byerly SJ, Easter L, Bowden DW, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Das SK. Tissue-Specific and Genetic Regulation of Insulin Sensitivity-Associated Transcripts in African Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr; 101(4):1455-68.
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  126. Ng MC, Shriner D, Chen BH, Li J, Chen WM, Guo X, Liu J, Bielinski SJ, Yanek LR, Nalls MA, Comeau ME, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Jensen RA, Evans DS, Sun YV, An P, Patel SR, Lu Y, Long J, Armstrong LL, Wagenknecht L, Yang L, Snively BM, Palmer ND, Mudgal P, Langefeld CD, Keene KL, Freedman BI, Mychaleckyj JC, Nayak U, Raffel LJ, Goodarzi MO, Chen YD, Taylor HA, Correa A, Sims M, Couper D, Pankow JS, Boerwinkle E, Adeyemo A, Doumatey A, Chen G, Mathias RA, Vaidya D, Singleton AB, Zonderman AB, Igo RP, Sedor JR, Kabagambe EK, Siscovick DS, McKnight B, Rice K, Liu Y, Hsueh WC, Zhao W, Bielak LF, Kraja A, Province MA, Bottinger EP, Gottesman O, Cai Q, Zheng W, Blot WJ, Lowe WL, Pacheco JA, Crawford DC, Grundberg E, Rich SS, Hayes MG, Shu XO, Loos RJ, Borecki IB, Peyser PA, Cummings SR, Psaty BM, Fornage M, Iyengar SK, Evans MK, Becker DM, Kao WH, Wilson JG, Rotter JI, Sale MM, Liu S, Rotimi CN, Bowden DW. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in African Americans provides insights into the genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes. PLoS Genet. 2014 Aug; 10(8):e1004517.
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  127. Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Lu L, Palmer ND, Smith SC, Bagwell BM, Hicks PJ, Xu J, Wagenknecht LE, Raffield LM, Register TC, Carr JJ, Bowden DW, Divers J. APOL1 associations with nephropathy, atherosclerosis, and all-cause mortality in African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Kidney Int. 2015 Jan; 87(1):176-81.
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  128. Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Xiang AH, Chen YD, Guo X, Hanley AJ, Raffel LJ, Kandeel F, Nadler JL, Buchanan TA, Norris JM, Fingerlin TE, Lorenzo C, Rewers MJ, Haffner SM, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Bergman RN, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Wagenknecht LE. Insulin sensitivity and insulin clearance are heritable and have strong genetic correlation in Mexican Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1157-64.
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  129. Bonomo JA, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Lea JP, Okusa MD, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Complement factor H gene associations with end-stage kidney disease in African Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2014 Jul; 29(7):1409-14.
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  130. Register TC, Hruska KA, Divers J, Bowden DW, Palmer ND, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LE, Hightower RC, Xu J, Smith SC, Dietzen DJ, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Sclerostin is positively associated with bone mineral density in men and women and negatively associated with carotid calcified atherosclerotic plaque in men from the African American-Diabetes Heart Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jan; 99(1):315-21.
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  131. Divers J, Palmer ND, Lu L, Langefeld CD, Rocco MV, Hicks PJ, Murea M, Ma L, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Gene-gene interactions in APOL1-associated nephropathy. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2014 Mar; 29(3):587-94.
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  132. Bailey JN, Lu L, Chou JW, Xu J, McWilliams DR, Howard TD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Palmer ND. The Role of Copy Number Variation in African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes-Associated End Stage Renal Disease. J Mol Genet Med. 2013 Jul 31; 7:61.
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  133. Divers J, Núñez M, High KP, Murea M, Rocco MV, Ma L, Bowden DW, Hicks PJ, Spainhour M, Ornelles DA, Kleiboeker SB, Duncan K, Langefeld CD, Turner J, Freedman BI. JC polyoma virus interacts with APOL1 in African Americans with nondiabetic nephropathy. Kidney Int. 2013 Dec; 84(6):1207-13.
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  136. Divers J, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Smith SC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Albuminuria associates with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in African Americans with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013 Mar; 36(3):e34-5.
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  137. Divers J, Palmer ND, Lu L, Register TC, Carr JJ, Hicks PJ, Hightower RC, Smith SC, Xu J, Cox AJ, Hruska KA, Bowden DW, Lewis CE, Heiss G, Province MA, Borecki IB, Kerr KF, Chen YD, Palmas W, Rotter JI, Wassel CL, Bertoni AG, Herrington DM, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Admixture mapping of coronary artery calcified plaque in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2013 Feb; 6(1):97-105.
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  138. Murea M, Register TC, Divers J, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower CR, Xu J, Smith SC, Hruska KA, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Relationships between serum MCP-1 and subclinical kidney disease: African American-Diabetes Heart Study. BMC Nephrol. 2012 Nov 14; 13:148.
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  139. Zaitlen N, Lindström S, Pasaniuc B, Cornelis M, Genovese G, Pollack S, Barton A, Bickeböller H, Bowden DW, Eyre S, Freedman BI, Friedman DJ, Field JK, Groop L, Haugen A, Heinrich J, Henderson BE, Hicks PJ, Hocking LJ, Kolonel LN, Landi MT, Langefeld CD, Le Marchand L, Meister M, Morgan AW, Raji OY, Risch A, Rosenberger A, Scherf D, Steer S, Walshaw M, Waters KM, Wilson AG, Wordsworth P, Zienolddiny S, Tchetgen ET, Haiman C, Hunter DJ, Plenge RM, Worthington J, Christiani DC, Schaumberg DA, Chasman DI, Altshuler D, Voight B, Kraft P, Patterson N, Price AL. Informed conditioning on clinical covariates increases power in case-control association studies. PLoS Genet. 2012; 8(11):e1003032.
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  140. Register TC, Hruska KA, Divers J, Bowden DW, Palmer ND, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LE, Hightower RC, Xu J, Smith SC, Dietzen DJ, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Plasma Dickkopf1 (DKK1) concentrations negatively associate with atherosclerotic calcified plaque in African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Jan; 98(1):E60-5.
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  141. An SS, Hanley AJ, Ziegler JT, Brown WM, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Rotter JI, Guo X, Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Palmer ND. Association between ADIPOQ SNPs with plasma adiponectin and glucose homeostasis and adiposity phenotypes in the IRAS Family Study. Mol Genet Metab. 2012 Dec; 107(4):721-8.
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  142. Lipkowitz MS, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Comeau ME, Bowden DW, Kao WH, Astor BC, Bottinger EP, Iyengar SK, Klotman PE, Freedman RG, Zhang W, Parekh RS, Choi MJ, Nelson GW, Winkler CA, Kopp JB. Apolipoprotein L1 gene variants associate with hypertension-attributed nephropathy and the rate of kidney function decline in African Americans. Kidney Int. 2013 Jan; 83(1):114-20.
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  145. Bostrom MA, Kao WH, Li M, Abboud HE, Adler SG, Iyengar SK, Kimmel PL, Hanson RL, Nicholas SB, Rasooly RS, Sedor JR, Coresh J, Kohn OF, Leehey DJ, Thornley-Brown D, Bottinger EP, Lipkowitz MS, Meoni LA, Klag MJ, Lu L, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Parekh RS, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Genetic association and gene-gene interaction analyses in African American dialysis patients with nondiabetic nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Feb; 59(2):210-21.
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  146. Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Murea M, Ma L, Otvos JD, Turner J, Antinozzi PA, Divers J, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW, Rocco MV, Parks JS. Apolipoprotein L1 nephropathy risk variants associate with HDL subfraction concentration in African Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011 Nov; 26(11):3805-10.
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  147. Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Lu L, Bleyer AJ, Divers J, Nachman PH, Derebail VK, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Sickle cell trait is not independently associated with susceptibility to end-stage renal disease in African Americans. Kidney Int. 2011 Dec; 80(12):1339-43.
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  148. Sergeant S, Hugenschmidt CE, Rudock ME, Ziegler JT, Ivester P, Ainsworth HC, Vaidya D, Case LD, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Mathias RA, Chilton FH. Differences in arachidonic acid levels and fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene variants in African Americans and European Americans with diabetes or the metabolic syndrome. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb; 107(4):547-55.
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  149. Divers J, Register TC, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Xu J, Hruska KA, Freedman BI. Relationships between calcified atherosclerotic plaque and bone mineral density in African Americans with type 2 diabetes. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Jul; 26(7):1554-60.
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  150. Rao M, Mottl AK, Cole SA, Umans JG, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Fox CS, Yang Q, Cupples A, Iyengar SK, Hunt SC, Trikalinos TA. Meta-analysis of genome-wide linkage scans for renal function traits. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012 Feb; 27(2):647-56.
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  151. Mathias RA, Sergeant S, Ruczinski I, Torgerson DG, Hugenschmidt CE, Kubala M, Vaidya D, Suktitipat B, Ziegler JT, Ivester P, Case D, Yanek LR, Freedman BI, Rudock ME, Barnes KC, Langefeld CD, Becker LC, Bowden DW, Becker DM, Chilton FH. The impact of FADS genetic variants on ?6 polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in African Americans. BMC Genet. 2011 May 20; 12:50.
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  152. Murea M, Lu L, Ma L, Hicks PJ, Divers J, McDonough CW, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Genome-wide association scan for survival on dialysis in African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. Am J Nephrol. 2011; 33(6):502-9.
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  153. Igo RP, Iyengar SK, Nicholas SB, Goddard KA, Langefeld CD, Hanson RL, Duggirala R, Divers J, Abboud H, Adler SG, Arar NH, Horvath A, Elston RC, Bowden DW, Guo X, Ipp E, Kao WH, Kimmel PL, Knowler WC, Meoni LA, Molineros J, Nelson RG, Pahl MV, Parekh RS, Rasooly RS, Schelling JR, Shah VO, Smith MW, Winkler CA, Zager PG, Sedor JR, Freedman BI. Genomewide linkage scan for diabetic renal failure and albuminuria: the FIND study. Am J Nephrol. 2011; 33(5):381-9.
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  154. Sibbel SP, Talbert ME, Bowden DW, Haffner SM, Taylor KD, Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Norris JM. RGS6 variants are associated with dietary fat intake in Hispanics: the IRAS Family Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Jul; 19(7):1433-8.
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  155. Wagenknecht LE, Divers J, Bertoni AG, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Bowden DW, Elbein SC, Shea S, Lewis CE, Freedman BI. Correlates of coronary artery calcified plaque in blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes. Ann Epidemiol. 2011 Jan; 21(1):34-41.
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  156. Gopalakrishnan I, Iskandar SS, Daeihagh P, Divers J, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Hicks PJ, Rocco MV, Freedman BI. Coincident idiopathic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis collapsing variant and diabetic nephropathy in an African American homozygous for MYH9 risk variants. Hum Pathol. 2011 Feb; 42(2):291-4.
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  157. Divers J, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Register TC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Ethnic differences in the relationship between pericardial adipose tissue and coronary artery calcified plaque: African-American-diabetes heart study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Dec; 95(12):5382-9.
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  158. Freedman BI, Kopp JB, Langefeld CD, Genovese G, Friedman DJ, Nelson GW, Winkler CA, Bowden DW, Pollak MR. The apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) gene and nondiabetic nephropathy in African Americans. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Sep; 21(9):1422-6.
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  159. Genovese G, Friedman DJ, Ross MD, Lecordier L, Uzureau P, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Oleksyk TK, Uscinski Knob AL, Bernhardy AJ, Hicks PJ, Nelson GW, Vanhollebeke B, Winkler CA, Kopp JB, Pays E, Pollak MR. Association of trypanolytic ApoL1 variants with kidney disease in African Americans. Science. 2010 Aug 13; 329(5993):841-5.
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  160. Engelman CD, Meyers KJ, Ziegler JT, Taylor KD, Palmer ND, Haffner SM, Fingerlin TE, Wagenknecht LE, Rotter JI, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Norris JM. Genome-wide association study of vitamin D concentrations in Hispanic Americans: the IRAS family study. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 Oct; 122(4):186-92.
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  161. Bostrom MA, Lu L, Chou J, Hicks PJ, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Candidate genes for non-diabetic ESRD in African Americans: a genome-wide association study using pooled DNA. Hum Genet. 2010 Aug; 128(2):195-204.
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  162. Freedman BI, Edberg JC, Comeau ME, Murea M, Bowden DW, Divers J, Alarcón GS, Brown EE, McGwin G, Kopp JB, Winkler CA, Nelson GW, Illei G, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Langefeld CD, Kimberly RP. The non-muscle Myosin heavy chain 9 gene (MYH9) is not associated with lupus nephritis in African Americans. Am J Nephrol. 2010; 32(1):66-72.
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  163. Tang SC, Leung VT, Chan LY, Wong SS, Chu DW, Leung JC, Ho YW, Lai KN, Ma L, Elbein SC, Bowden DW, Hicks PJ, Comeau ME, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. The acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase beta (ACACB) gene is associated with nephropathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Dec; 25(12):3931-4.
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  164. Burdon KP, Rudock ME, Lehtinen AB, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Register TC, Liu Y, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Hedrick CC, Rich SS. Human lipoxygenase pathway gene variation and association with markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in the diabetes heart study. Mediators Inflamm. 2010; 2010:170153.
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  165. Divers J, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Ding J, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Regional adipose tissue associations with calcified atherosclerotic plaque: African American-diabetes heart study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Oct; 18(10):2004-9.
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  166. Leak TS, Langefeld CD, Keene KL, Gallagher CJ, Lu L, Mychaleckyj JC, Rich SS, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Chromosome 7p linkage and association study for diabetes related traits and type 2 diabetes in an African-American population enriched for nephropathy. BMC Med Genet. 2010 Feb 08; 11:22.
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  167. Nelson GW, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, An P, Hicks PJ, Bostrom MA, Johnson RC, Kopp JB, Winkler CA. Dense mapping of MYH9 localizes the strongest kidney disease associations to the region of introns 13 to 15. Hum Mol Genet. 2010 May 01; 19(9):1805-15.
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  168. Reeves-Daniel AM, Iskandar SS, Bowden DW, Bostrom MA, Hicks PJ, Comeau ME, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Is collapsing C1q nephropathy another MYH9-associated kidney disease? A case report. Am J Kidney Dis. 2010 May; 55(5):e21-4.
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  169. Freedman BI, Wagenknecht LE, Hairston KG, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Gordon EJ, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Divers J. Vitamin d, adiposity, and calcified atherosclerotic plaque in african-americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Mar; 95(3):1076-83.
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  170. Divers J, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Ethnic differences in the relationship between albuminuria and calcified atherosclerotic plaque: the African American-diabetes heart study. Diabetes Care. 2010 Jan; 33(1):131-8.
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  171. Miller MR, Zhang W, Sibbel SP, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Haffner SM, Bergman RN, Norris JM, Fingerlin TE. Variant in the 3' region of the IkappaBalpha gene associated with insulin resistance in Hispanic Americans: The IRAS Family Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Mar; 18(3):555-62.
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    Score: 0.027
  172. Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Ziegler JT, Langefeld CD, Lehtinen AB, Rudock ME, Lenchik L, Hruska KA, Register TC, Carr JJ. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) gene polymorphisms are associated with inverse relationships between vascular calcification and BMD: the Diabetes Heart Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2009 Oct; 24(10):1719-27.
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    Score: 0.027
  173. Norris JM, Langefeld CD, Talbert ME, Wing MR, Haritunians T, Fingerlin TE, Hanley AJ, Ziegler JT, Taylor KD, Haffner SM, Chen YD, Bowden DW, Wagenknecht LE. Genome-wide association study and follow-up analysis of adiposity traits in Hispanic Americans: the IRAS Family Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Oct; 17(10):1932-41.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.026
  174. Schmitz KJ, Skinner HG, Bautista LE, Fingerlin TE, Langefeld CD, Hicks PJ, Haffner SM, Bryer-Ash M, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Norris JM, Engelman CD. Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with blood pressure in predominantly 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficient Hispanic and African Americans. Am J Hypertens. 2009 Aug; 22(8):867-70.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.026
  175. Keene KL, Mychaleckyj JC, Leak TS, Smith SG, Perlegas PS, Divers J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Exploration of the utility of ancestry informative markers for genetic association studies of African Americans with type 2 diabetes and end stage renal disease. Hum Genet. 2008 Sep; 124(2):147-54.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.025
  176. Engelman CD, Fingerlin TE, Langefeld CD, Hicks PJ, Rich SS, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Norris JM. Genetic and environmental determinants of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels in Hispanic and African Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Sep; 93(9):3381-8.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.025
  177. Hicks PJ, Staten JL, Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Keene KL, Sale MM, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Association analysis of the ephrin-B2 gene in African-Americans with end-stage renal disease. Am J Nephrol. 2008; 28(6):914-20.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.025
  178. Liu Y, Freedman BI, Burdon KP, Langefeld CD, Howard T, Herrington D, Goff DC, Bowden DW, Wagenknecht LE, Hedrick CC, Rich SS. Association of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase genotype variation and glycemic control with albuminuria in type 2 diabetes. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Aug; 52(2):242-50.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.024
  179. Keene KL, Mychaleckyj JC, Smith SG, Leak TS, Perlegas PS, Langefeld CD, Herrington DM, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Comprehensive evaluation of the estrogen receptor alpha gene reveals further evidence for association with type 2 diabetes enriched for nephropathy in an African American population. Hum Genet. 2008 May; 123(4):333-41.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.024
  180. Keene KL, Mychaleckyj JC, Smith SG, Leak TS, Perlegas PS, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Association of the distal region of the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 gene with type 2 diabetes in an African-American population enriched for nephropathy. Diabetes. 2008 Apr; 57(4):1057-62.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.024
  181. Carr JJ, Register TC, Hsu FC, Lohman K, Lenchik L, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Xu J, Rich SS, Wagenknecht LE, Freedman BI. Calcified atherosclerotic plaque and bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: the diabetes heart study. Bone. 2008 Jan; 42(1):43-52.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  182. Leak TS, Keene KL, Langefeld CD, Gallagher CJ, Mychaleckyj JC, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Sale MM. Association of the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-type 2 (PCSK2) gene with type 2 diabetes in an African American population. Mol Genet Metab. 2007 Sep-Oct; 92(1-2):145-50.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  183. Sale MM, Smith SG, Mychaleckyj JC, Keene KL, Langefeld CD, Leak TS, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Freedman BI. Variants of the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene are associated with type 2 diabetes in an African-American population enriched for nephropathy. Diabetes. 2007 Oct; 56(10):2638-42.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  184. Gallagher CJ, Langefeld CD, Gordon CJ, Campbell JK, Mychaleckyj JC, Mychalecky JC, Bryer-Ash M, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Association of the estrogen receptor-alpha gene with the metabolic syndrome and its component traits in African-American families: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Diabetes. 2007 Aug; 56(8):2135-41.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  185. Hanley AJ, Bowden D, Wagenknecht LE, Balasubramanyam A, Langfeld C, Saad MF, Rotter JI, Guo X, Chen YD, Bryer-Ash M, Norris JM, Haffner SM. Associations of adiponectin with body fat distribution and insulin sensitivity in nondiabetic Hispanics and African-Americans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Jul; 92(7):2665-71.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  186. Gallagher CJ, Keene KL, Mychaleckyj JC, Langefeld CD, Hirschhorn JN, Henderson BE, Gordon CJ, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Investigation of the estrogen receptor-alpha gene with type 2 diabetes and/or nephropathy in African-American and European-American populations. Diabetes. 2007 Mar; 56(3):675-84.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  187. Lakoski SG, Li L, Langefeld CD, Liu Y, Howard TD, Brosnihan KB, Xu J, Bowden DW, Herrington DM. The association between innate immunity gene (IRAK1) and C-reactive protein in the Diabetes Heart Study. Exp Mol Pathol. 2007 Jun; 82(3):280-3.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.023
  188. Liu Y, Herrington D, Burdon KP, Langefeld CD, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Freedman BI, Wagenknecht LE. A functional polymorphism in the lymphotoxin-alpha gene is associated with carotid artery wall thickness: the Diabetes Heart Study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006 Aug; 13(4):655-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.022
  189. Guo X, Saad MF, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Cui J, Taylor KD, Norris JM, Jinagouda S, Darwin CH, Mitchell BD, Bergman RN, Sutton B, Chen YD, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Rotter JI. Genome-wide linkage of plasma adiponectin reveals a major locus on chromosome 3q distinct from the adiponectin structural gene: the IRAS family study. Diabetes. 2006 Jun; 55(6):1723-30.
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    Score: 0.022
  190. Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Sale MM, Langefeld CD, Rich SS. Genetic susceptibility contributes to renal and cardiovascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hypertension. 2006 Jul; 48(1):8-13.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.022
  191. Hsu FC, Zaccaro DJ, Lange LA, Arnett DK, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Herrington DM, Beck SR, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Rich SS. The impact of pedigree structure on heritability estimates for pulse pressure in three studies. Hum Hered. 2005; 60(2):63-72.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  192. Gallagher CJ, Gordon CJ, Langefeld CD, Mychaleckyj JC, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Sale MM. Association of the mu-opioid receptor gene with type 2 diabetes mellitus in an African American population. Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Jan; 87(1):54-60.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  193. Liu Y, Burdon KP, Langefeld CD, Beck SR, Wagenknecht LE, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. P-selectin gene haplotype associations with albuminuria in the Diabetes Heart Study. Kidney Int. 2005 Aug; 68(2):741-6.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  194. Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Lohman KK, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Rich SS, Wagenknecht LE. Relationship between albuminuria and cardiovascular disease in Type 2 diabetes. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Jul; 16(7):2156-61.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  195. Liu Y, Burdon KP, Langefeld CD, Beck SR, Wagenknecht LE, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. T-786C polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene is associated with albuminuria in the diabetes heart study. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2005 Apr; 16(4):1085-90.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  196. Hsu FC, Lenchik L, Nicklas BJ, Lohman K, Register TC, Mychaleckyj J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Carr JJ. Heritability of body composition measured by DXA in the diabetes heart study. Obes Res. 2005 Feb; 13(2):312-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  197. Wheeler GL, Shi R, Beck SR, Langefeld CD, Lenchik L, Wagenknecht LE, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Chen MY, Carr JJ. Pericardial and visceral adipose tissues measured volumetrically with computed tomography are highly associated in type 2 diabetic families. Invest Radiol. 2005 Feb; 40(2):97-101.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  198. Rich SS, Bowden DW, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Saad MF, Mitchell BD, Rotter JI, Langefeld CD, Hedrick CC, Wagenknecht LE, Bergman RN. A genome scan for fasting insulin and fasting glucose identifies a quantitative trait locus on chromosome 17p: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study (IRAS) family study. Diabetes. 2005 Jan; 54(1):290-5.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.020
  199. Register TC, Burdon KP, Lenchik L, Bowden DW, Hawkins GA, Nicklas BJ, Lohman K, Hsu FC, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ. Variability of serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 measurements attributable to a common polymorphism. Clin Chem. 2004 Nov; 50(11):2185-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.019
  200. Palmer ND, Bento JL, Mychaleckyj JC, Langefeld CD, Campbell JK, Norris JM, Haffner SM, Bergman RN, Bowden DW. Association of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B gene polymorphisms with measures of glucose homeostasis in Hispanic Americans: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study (IRAS) family study. Diabetes. 2004 Nov; 53(11):3013-9.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.019
  201. Rich SS, Bowden DW, Haffner SM, Norris JM, Saad MF, Mitchell BD, Rotter JI, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Bergman RN. Identification of quantitative trait loci for glucose homeostasis: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Family Study. Diabetes. 2004 Jul; 53(7):1866-75.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.019
  202. Freedman BI, Hsu FC, Langefeld CD, Bowden DW, Moossavi S, Dryman BN, Carr JJ. Renal artery calcified plaque associations with subclinical renal and cardiovascular disease. Kidney Int. 2004 Jun; 65(6):2262-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.019
  203. Henkin L, Bergman RN, Bowden DW, Ellsworth DL, Haffner SM, Langefeld CD, Mitchell BD, Norris JM, Rewers M, Saad MF, Stamm E, Wagenknecht LE, Rich SS. Genetic epidemiology of insulin resistance and visceral adiposity. The IRAS Family Study design and methods. Ann Epidemiol. 2003 Apr; 13(4):211-7.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.017
  204. Satko SG, Langefeld CD, Daeihagh P, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Freedman BI. Nephropathy in siblings of African Americans with overt type 2 diabetic nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis. 2002 Sep; 40(3):489-94.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.017
  205. Lange LA, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Carr JJ, Rich SS, Riley WA, Freedman BI. Heritability of carotid artery intima-medial thickness in type 2 diabetes. Stroke. 2002 Jul; 33(7):1876-81.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.016
  206. Gitter J, Langefeld CD, Rich SS, Pedley CF, Bowden DW, Freedman BI. Prevalence of nephropathy in black patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Nephrol. 2002 Jan-Feb; 22(1):35-41.
    View in: PubMed
    Score: 0.016
Connection Strength

The connection strength for concepts is the sum of the scores for each matching publication.

Publication scores are based on many factors, including how long ago they were written and whether the person is a first or senior author.