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Effects of immediate versus gradual nicotine reduction in cigarettes on biomarkers of biological effects.

Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Heskin AK, Tang MK, Carmella SG, Jensen J, Robinson JD, Vandrey R, Drobes DJ, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, Leischow S, Cinciripini PM, Koopmeiners J, Ikuemonisan J, Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Hecht SS. Effects of immediate versus gradual nicotine reduction in cigarettes on biomarkers of biological effects. Addiction. 2019 10; 114(10):1824-1833.

View in: PubMed