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Ronny A. Bell PhD, MEd

TitleProfessor
InstitutionWake Forest School of Medicine
DepartmentSocial Sciences & Health Policy (Public Health Sciences)
Address
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    R03DK054863     (BELL, RONNY A.)Sep 30, 1998 - Sep 29, 1999
    NIH
    DIABETES AND HEALTH SURVEILLANCE AMONG NATIVE AMERICANS
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P20CA091434     (BELL, RONNY A.)Aug 15, 2002 - Jul 31, 2008
    NIH
    Piedmont Alliance for Cancer Research and Education
    Role: Principal Investigator

    U01DP000250     (BELL, RONNY A.)Sep 30, 2005 - Sep 29, 2011
    NIH
    SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Coordinating Center
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21MH085878     (BELL, RONNY A.)Jul 5, 2010 - Mar 31, 2013
    NIH
    Lumbee Rite of Passage: A Suicide Prevention Model for American Indian Youth
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21MD005995     (BELL, RONNY A.)Sep 30, 2010 - Aug 31, 2013
    NIH
    The Native Proverbs 31 Health Project
    Role: Principal Investigator

    P60MD006917     (BERTONI, ALAIN GERALD)Aug 1, 2012 - Feb 28, 2018
    NIH
    The Maya Angelou Center for Health Equity
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R25NS089458     (MILLIGAN, CAROL)Sep 30, 2014 - Jul 31, 2020
    NIH
    Training in Health Disparity Research for a Diverse Neuroscience Workforce
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Rafferty AP, Winterbauer NL, Luo H, Bell RA, Little NRG. Diabetes Self-Care and Clinical Care Among Adults With Low Health Literacy. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2021 Mar-Apr 01; 27(2):144-153. PMID: 31592981.
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    2. McGuirt JT, Wu Q, Laska MN, Truesdale KP, Rafferty AP, Bell RA, Ammerman AS, Jilcott Pitts SB. Associations between shopping patterns, dietary behaviours and geographic information system-assessed store accessibility among small food store customers. Public Health Nutr. 2020 Dec 15; 1-10. PMID: 33317649.
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    3. Bell RA, Little NRG. Sidebar: The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Health of Racial and Ethnic Minority Communities in North Carolina. N C Med J. 2020 Nov-Dec; 81(6):372-373. PMID: 33139467.
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    4. Carty CL, Noonan C, Muller C, Saner D, Reiman EM, Buchwald D, Bell RA, Nelson LA. Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia Diagnoses in American Indians. Ethn Dis. 2020; 30(4):671-680. PMID: 32989367.
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    5. Luo H, Bell RA, Winterbauer NL, Xu L, Zeng X, Wu Q, Rafferty AP, Watson AM. Trends and Rural-Urban Differences in Participation in Diabetes Self-management Education Among Adults in North Carolina: 2012-2017. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020 Aug 06. PMID: 32810070.
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    6. Luo H, Wu Q, Bell RA, Wright WG, Garcia RI, Quandt SA. Trends in use of dental care provider types and services in the United States in 2000-2016: Rural-urban comparisons. J Am Dent Assoc. 2020 08; 151(8):596-606. PMID: 32718489.
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    7. Luo H, Wu Q, Bell RA, Wright W, Quandt SA, Basu R, Moss ME. Rural-Urban Differences in Dental Service Utilization and Dental Service Procedures Received Among US Adults: Results From the 2016 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. J Rural Health. 2020 Jul 22. PMID: 32697007.
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    8. Luo H, Patil SP, Cummings DM, Bell RA, Wu Q, Adams AD. Health Literacy, Self-management Activities, and Glycemic Control Among Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Path Analysis. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020 May/Jun; 26(3):280-286. PMID: 30969274.
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    9. Koebnick C, Imperatore G, Jensen ET, Stafford JM, Shah AS, Mottl AK, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Liese AD, Marcovina SM, D'Agostino RB, Urbina EM, Lawrence JM. Progression to hypertension in youth and young adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2020 05; 22(5):888-896. PMID: 32297456.
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    10. Rafferty AP, Luo H, Little NRG, Imai S, Winterbauer NL, Bell RA. Self-reported Health Literacy Among North Carolina Adults and Associations with Health Status and Chronic Health Conditions. N C Med J. 2020 Mar-Apr; 81(2):87-94. PMID: 32132247.
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    11. Mwachofi A, Imai S, Bell RA. Adverse childhood experiences and mental health in adulthood: Evidence from North Carolina. J Affect Disord. 2020 04 15; 267:251-257. PMID: 32217225.
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    12. Luo H, I Garcia R, Moss ME, Bell RA, Wright W, Wu B. Trends of children being given advice for dental checkups and having a dental visit in the United States: 2001-2016. J Public Health Dent. 2020 06; 80(2):123-131. PMID: 31951026.
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    13. Lyonnais MJ, Bray P, Rafferty AP, Winterbauer NL, Bell RA. Potential Effect of Vouchers on the Completion of Self-management Education Among Patients With Diabetes. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2020 Jan/Feb; 26(1):67-70. PMID: 30807462.
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    14. Puett RC, Yanosky JD, Mittleman MA, Montresor-Lopez J, Bell RA, Crume TL, Dabelea D, Dolan LM, D'Agostino RB, Marcovina SM, Pihoker C, Reynolds K, Urbina E, Liese AD. Inflammation and acute traffic-related air pollution exposures among a cohort of youth with type 1 diabetes. Environ Int. 2019 11; 132:105064. PMID: 31419765.
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    15. Luo H, Chen ZA, Xu L, Bell RA. Health Care Access and Receipt of Clinical Diabetes Preventive Care for Working-Age Adults With Diabetes in States With and Without Medicaid Expansion: Results from the 2013 and 2015 BRFSS. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2019 Jul/Aug; 25(4):E34-E43. PMID: 31136523.
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    16. Kim G, Divers J, Fino NF, Dabelea D, Lawrence JM, Reynolds K, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis E, Crume T, Pettitt DJ, Pihoker C, Liu L. Trends in prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors from 2002 to 2012 among youth early in the course of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2019 09; 20(6):693-701. PMID: 30903717.
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    17. Urbina EM, Isom S, Bell RA, Bowlby DA, D'Agostino R, Daniels SR, Dolan LM, Imperatore G, Marcovina SM, Merchant AT, Reynolds K, Shah AS, Wadwa RP, Dabelea D. Burden of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Over Time and Arterial Stiffness in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 07 02; 8(13):e010150. PMID: 31213111.
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    18. Luo H, Bell RA, Garg S, Cummings DM, Patil SP, Jones K. Trends and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adults with Diagnosed Diabetes in North Carolina, 2000-2015. N C Med J. 2019 Mar-Apr; 80(2):76-82. PMID: 30877152.
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    19. Miller CD, Stopyra JP, Mahler SA, Case LD, Vasu S, Bell RA, Hundley WG. ACES (Accelerated Chest Pain Evaluation With Stress Imaging) Protocols Eliminate Testing Disparities in Patients With Chest Pain. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2019 03; 18(1):5-9. PMID: 30747758.
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    20. Kearney GD, Bell RA. Perceptions of Global Warming Among the Poorest Counties in the Southeastern United States. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2019 Mar/Apr; 25(2):107-112. PMID: 29521847.
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    21. Onengut-Gumuscu S, Chen WM, Robertson CC, Bonnie JK, Farber E, Zhu Z, Oksenberg JR, Brant SR, Bridges SL, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Gregersen PK, Rewers MJ, Steck AK, Black MH, Dabelea D, Pihoker C, Atkinson MA, Wagenknecht LE, Divers J, Bell RA, Erlich HA, Concannon P, Rich SS. Type 1 Diabetes Risk in African-Ancestry Participants and Utility of an Ancestry-Specific Genetic Risk Score. Diabetes Care. 2019 03; 42(3):406-415. PMID: 30659077.
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    22. Gao F, Luo H, Jones K, Nicholson W, Bell RA. Gestational Diabetes and Health Behaviors Among Women: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014. Prev Chronic Dis. 2018 10 25; 15:E131. PMID: 30367717.
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    23. Kearney GD, Jones K, Bell RA, Swinker M, Allen TR. Climate Change and Public Health through the Lens of Rural, Eastern North Carolina. N C Med J. 2018 Sep-Oct; 79(5):270-277. PMID: 30228131.
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    24. Luo H, Patil SP, Wu Q, Bell RA, Cummings DM, Adams AD, Hambidge B, Craven K, Gao F. Validation of a combined health literacy and numeracy instrument for patients with type 2 diabetes. Patient Educ Couns. 2018 10; 101(10):1846-1851. PMID: 29805071.
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    25. Reynolds K, Saydah SH, Isom S, Divers J, Lawrence JM, Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Imperatore G, Bell RA, Hamman RF. Mortality in youth-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. J Diabetes Complications. 2018 06; 32(6):545-549. PMID: 29685480.
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    26. Luo H, Bell RA, Wright W, Wu Q, Wu B. Trends in annual dental visits among US dentate adults with and without self-reported diabetes and prediabetes, 2004-2014. J Am Dent Assoc. 2018 Jun; 149(6):460-469. PMID: 29615188.
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    27. Luo H, Bell RA, Cummings DM, Chen ZA. Diabetes Preventive Care Practices in North Carolina, 2000-2015. Prev Chronic Dis. 2018 03 22; 15:E35. PMID: 29565787.
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    28. Jilcott Pitts SB, Jahns L, Wu Q, Moran NE, Bell RA, Truesdale KP, Laska MN. A non-invasive assessment of skin carotenoid status through reflection spectroscopy is a feasible, reliable and potentially valid measure of fruit and vegetable consumption in a diverse community sample. Public Health Nutr. 2018 06; 21(9):1664-1670. PMID: 29455692.
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    29. Bell RA, Chen H, Saldana S, Bertoni AG, Effoe VS, Hairston KG, Kalyani RR, Norwood AF. Comparison of Measures of Adiposity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among African American Adults: the Jackson Heart Study. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2018 12; 5(6):1230-1237. PMID: 29427252.
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    30. Jaiswal M, Divers J, Urbina EM, Dabelea D, Bell RA, Pettitt DJ, Imperatore G, Pihoker C, Dolan LM, Liese AD, Marcovina S, Linder B, Feldman EL, Pop-Busui R. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in adolescents and young adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Cohort Study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018 06; 19(4):680-689. PMID: 29292558.
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    31. Hall MB, Vos P, Bess JJ, Reburn KL, Locklear GD, McAlister J, Bell RA. Cervical Cancer Screening Behaviors and Perceptions of Medical Mistrust among Rural Black and White Women. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2018; 29(4):1368-1385. PMID: 30449752.
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    32. Jilcott Pitts SB, Wu Q, Truesdale KP, Laska MN, Grinchak T, McGuirt JT, Haynes-Maslow L, Bell RA, Ammerman AS. Baseline Assessment of a Healthy Corner Store Initiative: Associations between Food Store Environments, Shopping Patterns, Customer Purchases, and Dietary Intake in Eastern North Carolina. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 10 07; 14(10). PMID: 28991156.
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    33. Jaiswal M, Divers J, Dabelea D, Isom S, Bell RA, Martin CL, Pettitt DJ, Saydah S, Pihoker C, Standiford DA, Dolan LM, Marcovina S, Linder B, Liese AD, Pop-Busui R, Feldman EL. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Youth With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2017 09; 40(9):1226-1232. PMID: 28674076.
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    34. Effoe VS, Wagenknecht LE, Echouffo Tcheugui JB, Chen H, Joseph JJ, Kalyani RR, Bell RA, Wu WH, Casanova R, Bertoni AG. Sex Differences in the Association Between Insulin Resistance and Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Among Blacks Without Diabetes Mellitus: The Jackson Heart Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 02 02; 6(2). PMID: 28154164.
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    35. Shah AS, Maahs DM, Stafford JM, Dolan LM, Lang W, Imperatore G, Bell RA, Liese AD, Reynolds K, Pihoker C, Marcovina S, D'Agostino RB, Dabelea D. Predictors of Dyslipidemia Over Time in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes: For the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2017 Apr; 40(4):607-613. PMID: 28126715.
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    36. Katula JA, Kirk JK, Pedley CF, Savoca MR, Effoe VS, Bell RA, Bertoni AG. The Lifestyle Intervention for the Treatment of Diabetes study (LIFT Diabetes): Design and baseline characteristics for a randomized translational trial to improve control of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Contemp Clin Trials. 2017 02; 53:89-99. PMID: 27940180.
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    37. Grau-Pérez M, Kuo CC, Spratlen M, Thayer KA, Mendez MA, Hamman RF, Dabelea D, Adgate JL, Knowler WC, Bell RA, Miller FW, Liese AD, Zhang C, Douillet C, Drobná Z, Mayer-Davis EJ, Styblo M, Navas-Acien A. The Association of Arsenic Exposure and Metabolism With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: The SEARCH Case-Control Study. Diabetes Care. 2017 Jan; 40(1):46-53. PMID: 27810988.
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    38. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Nguyen H, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Demographic, Health and Diabetes Self-management Correlates of Medical Skepticism Among Rural Older Adults. J Sci Med. 2016 May; 2(1):51-56. PMID: 28626798.
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    39. Langdon SE, Golden SL, Arnold EM, Maynor RF, Bryant A, Freeman VK, Bell RA. Lessons Learned From a Community-Based Participatory Research Mental Health Promotion Program for American Indian Youth. Health Promot Pract. 2016 05; 17(3):457-63. PMID: 27009131.
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    40. Siordia C, Bell RA, Haileselassie SL. Prevalence and Risk for Negative Disability Outcomes Between American Indians-Alaskan Natives and Other Race-Ethnic Groups in the Southwestern United States. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2017 04; 4(2):195-200. PMID: 27004950.
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    41. Liu LL, Kahn HS, Pettitt DJ, Fino NF, Morgan T, Maahs DM, Crimmins NA, Lamichhane AP, Liese AD, D'Agostino RB, Bell RA. Comparing Two Waist-to-Height Ratio Measurements with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Youth with Diabetes. Int J Child Health Nutr. 2016; 5(3):87-94. PMID: 28232855.
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    42. Effoe VS, Suerken CK, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Arcury TA. The Association of Complementary Therapy Use With Prescription Medication Adherence Among Older Community-Dwelling Adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2017 09; 36(9):1054-1069. PMID: 26320147.
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    43. Hamman RF, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB, Dolan L, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM, Linder B, Marcovina SM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pihoker C, Rodriguez BL, Saydah S. The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study: rationale, findings, and future directions. Diabetes Care. 2014 Dec; 37(12):3336-44. PMID: 25414389.
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    44. Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip E, Bell RA, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Quandt SA. Diabetes symptoms and self-management behaviors in rural older adults. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015 Jan; 107(1):54-60. PMID: 25467626.
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    45. Lawrence JM, Imperatore G, Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Linder B, Saydah S, Klingensmith GJ, Dolan L, Standiford DA, Pihoker C, Pettitt DJ, Talton JW, Thomas J, Bell RA, D'Agostino RB. Trends in incidence of type 1 diabetes among non-Hispanic white youth in the U.S., 2002-2009. Diabetes. 2014 Nov; 63(11):3938-45. PMID: 24898146.
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    46. Kimes CM, Golden SL, Maynor RF, Spangler JG, Bell RA. Lessons learned in community research through the Native Proverbs 31 Health Project. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014 Apr 17; 11:E59. PMID: 24742392.
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    47. Liese AD, Crandell JL, Tooze JA, Fangman MT, Couch SC, Merchant AT, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ. Relative validity and reliability of an FFQ in youth with type 1 diabetes. Public Health Nutr. 2015 Feb; 18(3):428-37. PMID: 24679679.
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    48. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Patterns and Stability over Time of Older Adults' Diabetes-related Beliefs. Health Behav Policy Rev. 2014 Mar 01; 1(2):111-121. PMID: 25309938.
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    49. Jaacks LM, Crandell J, Liese AD, Lamichhane AP, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB, Dolan LM, Marcovina S, Reynolds K, Shah AS, Urbina EM, Wadwa RP, Mayer-Davis EJ. No association of dietary fiber intake with inflammation or arterial stiffness in youth with type 1 diabetes. J Diabetes Complications. 2014 May-Jun; 28(3):305-10. PMID: 24613131.
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    50. Altizer KP, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Bell R, Arcury TA. A qualitative analysis of how elders seek and disseminate health information. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2014; 35(4):337-53. PMID: 24188253.
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    51. Jaacks LM, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB, Dolan LM, Imperatore G, Klingensmith G, Lawrence JM, Saydah S, Yi-Frazier J, Mayer-Davis EJ. Diabetes self-management education patterns in a US population-based cohort of youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2014 Jan-Feb; 40(1):29-39. PMID: 24248833.
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    52. Sandberg JC, Suerken CK, Quandt SA, Altizer KP, Bell RA, Lang W, Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA. Self-reported sleep difficulties and self-care strategies among rural older adults. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2014 Jan; 19(1):36-42. PMID: 24647377.
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    53. Ip EH, Saldana S, Chen SH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Nguyen H, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Unreliable item or inconsistent person? A study of variation in health beliefs and belief-anchors to biomedical models. J Health Psychol. 2015 Aug; 20(8):1049-59. PMID: 24170016.
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    54. Quandt SA, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Chen SH, Nguyen H, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Assessment of a short diabetes knowledge instrument for older and minority adults. Diabetes Educ. 2014 Jan-Feb; 40(1):68-76. PMID: 24163359.
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    55. Jaiswal M, Lauer A, Martin CL, Bell RA, Divers J, Dabelea D, Pettitt DJ, Saydah S, Pihoker C, Standiford DA, Rodriguez BL, Pop-Busui R, Feldman EL. Peripheral neuropathy in adolescents and young adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth follow-up cohort: a pilot study. Diabetes Care. 2013 Dec; 36(12):3903-8. PMID: 24144652.
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    56. Bell RA. Understanding and addressing disparities in diabetes and obesity. Fam Community Health. 2013 Oct-Dec; 36(4):282-3. PMID: 23986068.
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    57. Quandt SA, Reynolds T, Chapman C, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Arcury TA. Older adults' fears about diabetes: using common sense models of disease to understand fear origins and implications for self-management. J Appl Gerontol. 2013 Oct; 32(7):783-803. PMID: 25364096.
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    58. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Ip E, Grzywacz JG, Nguyen H, Kirk JK, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Correlates of physician trust among rural older adults with diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2013 Sep; 37(5):660-6. PMID: 23985289.
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    59. Arnold EM, McCall VW, Anderson A, Bryant A, Bell R. Sleep Problems, Suicidality and Depression among American Indian Youth. J Sleep Disord Treat Care. 2013 Sep 01; 2(3):119. PMID: 25309936.
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    60. Arcury TA, Bell RA, Altizer KP, Grzywacz JG, Sandberg JC, Quandt SA. Attitudes of older adults regarding disclosure of complementary therapy use to physicians. J Appl Gerontol. 2013 Aug; 32(5):627-45. PMID: 24991082.
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    61. Arcury TA, Nguyen HT, Sandberg JC, Neiberg RH, Altizer KP, Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA. Use of Complementary Therapies for Health Promotion Among Older Adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2015 Aug; 34(5):552-72. PMID: 24652893.
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    62. Nguyen HT, Kirk JK, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Cognitive function is a risk for health literacy in older adults with diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013 Aug; 101(2):141-7. PMID: 23806477.
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    63. Altizer KP, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Sandberg JC, Arcury TA. Traditional and commercial herb use in health self- management among rural multiethnic older adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2013 Jun; 32(4):387-407. PMID: 24991081.
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    64. Bell RA, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg R, Lang W, Nguyen H, Altizer KP, Arcury TA. Medical skepticism and complementary therapy use among older rural African-Americans and Whites. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2013 May; 24(2):777-87. PMID: 23728044.
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    65. Beech BM, Calles-Escandon J, Hairston KG, Langdon SE, Latham-Sadler BA, Bell RA. Mentoring programs for underrepresented minority faculty in academic medical centers: a systematic review of the literature. Acad Med. 2013 Apr; 88(4):541-9. PMID: 23425989.
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    66. Bell RA, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg R, Altizer KP, Lang W, Arcury TA. Patterns of Complementary Therapy Use for Symptom Management for Older Rural Adults with Diabetes. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2013 Apr 01; 18(2). PMID: 24244893.
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    67. Lotstein DS, Seid M, Klingensmith G, Case D, Lawrence JM, Pihoker C, Dabelea D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Gilliam LK, Corathers S, Imperatore G, Dolan L, Anderson A, Bell RA, Waitzfelder B. Transition from pediatric to adult care for youth diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in adolescence. Pediatrics. 2013 Apr; 131(4):e1062-70. PMID: 23530167.
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    68. Sandberg JC, Grzywacz JG, Suerken CK, Altizer KP, Quandt SA, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Lang W, Arcury TA. Older adults' use of care strategies in response to general and upper respiratory symptoms. J Appl Gerontol. 2015 Apr; 34(3):NP41-61. PMID: 24652871.
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    69. Schwartz RP, Vitolins MZ, Case LD, Armstrong SC, Perrin EM, Cialone J, Bell RA. The YMCA Healthy, Fit, and Strong Program: a community-based, family-centered, low-cost obesity prevention/treatment pilot study. Child Obes. 2012 Dec; 8(6):577-82. PMID: 23181924.
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    70. Fleischhacker S, Byrd RR, Ramachandran G, Vu M, Ries A, Bell RA, Evenson KR. Tools for healthy tribes: improving access to healthy foods in Indian country. Am J Prev Med. 2012 Sep; 43(3 Suppl 2):S123-9. PMID: 22898161.
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    71. Bell RA. Understanding and addressing health disparities in North Carolina. N C Med J. 2012 Sep-Oct; 73(5):389-94. PMID: 23189433.
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    72. Altizer KP, Nguyen HT, Neiberg RH, Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Relationship between nonprescribed therapy use for illness prevention and health promotion and health-related quality of life. J Appl Gerontol. 2014 Jun; 33(4):456-73. PMID: 24781966.
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    73. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Ip EH, Saldana S, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Social integration and diabetes management among rural older adults. J Aging Health. 2012 Sep; 24(6):899-922. PMID: 22764154.
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    74. Nguyen HT, Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Saldana SJ, Ip EH, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. The association of mental conditions with blood glucose levels in older adults with diabetes. Aging Ment Health. 2012; 16(8):950-7. PMID: 22640032.
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    75. Arcury TA, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Chen H, Gilbert GH, Bell RA, Leng X, Reynolds T, Quandt SA. Dental care utilization among North Carolina rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2012; 72(3):190-7. PMID: 22536828.
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    76. Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Arcury TA. The relationship between cognitive function and non-prescribed therapy use in older adults. Aging Ment Health. 2012; 16(5):648-58. PMID: 22304694.
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    77. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Saldana S, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Ip E, Quandt SA. Social control in older adults' diabetes self management and well-being. Behav Med. 2012; 38(4):115-20. PMID: 23121208.
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    78. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Saldana S, Reynolds T, Bell RA, Kirk JK, Quandt SA. Cultural basis for diabetes-related beliefs among low- and high-education African American, American Indian, and white older adults. Ethn Dis. 2012; 22(4):466-72. PMID: 23140078.
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    79. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Nguyen H, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Older adults' self-management of daily symptoms: complementary therapies, self-care, and medical care. J Aging Health. 2012 Jun; 24(4):569-97. PMID: 22187091.
      Citations:    
    80. Quandt SA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Altizer K, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Daily symptom management practices for arthritis used by older adults. J Aging Health. 2012 Jun; 24(4):598-615. PMID: 22173224.
      Citations:    
    81. Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Nguyen HT, Bell RA, Saldana S, Quandt SA. Performance of health literacy tests among older adults with diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):534-40. PMID: 22095571.
      Citations:    
    82. Grzywacz JG, Neiberg R, Quandt SA, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Measuring differential beliefs in complementary therapy research: an exploration of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Beliefs Inventory (CAMBI). Complement Ther Med. 2012 Feb-Apr; 20(1-2):54-60. PMID: 22305249.
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    83. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Anderson AM, Chen H, Savoca MR, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Dental anxiety and oral health outcomes among rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2012; 72(1):53-9. PMID: 22316247.
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    84. Black MH, Anderson A, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Pihoker C, Saydah S, Seid M, Standiford DA, Waitzfelder B, Marcovina SM, Lawrence JM. Prevalence of asthma and its association with glycemic control among youth with diabetes. Pediatrics. 2011 Oct; 128(4):e839-47. PMID: 21949144.
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    85. Arcury TA, Chen H, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Leng X, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Ethnic variation in oral health and social integration among older rural adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2013 Apr; 32(3):302-23. PMID: 23788829.
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    86. Bell RA. Barriers to diabetes prevention and control among American Indians. N C Med J. 2011 Sep-Oct; 72(5):393-6. PMID: 22416521.
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    87. Waitzfelder B, Pihoker C, Klingensmith G, Case D, Anderson A, Bell RA, Lawrence JM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Imperatore G, Standiford D, Rodriguez BL, Dabelea D, Seid M. Adherence to guidelines for youths with diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep; 128(3):531-8. PMID: 21859914.
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    88. Grzywacz JG, Stoller EP, Brewer-Lowry AN, Bell RA, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Gender and health lifestyle: an in-depth exploration of self-care activities in later life. Health Educ Behav. 2012 Jun; 39(3):332-40. PMID: 21632439.
      Citations:    
    89. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Ip EH, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Older adults' common sense models of diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2011 May; 35(3):318-33. PMID: 21683021.
      Citations:    
    90. Neiberg RH, Aickin M, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Occurrence and co-occurrence of types of complementary and alternative medicine use by age, gender, ethnicity, and education among adults in the United States: the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Apr; 17(4):363-70. PMID: 21495904.
      Citations:    
    91. Liese AD, Bortsov A, Günther AL, Dabelea D, Reynolds K, Standiford DA, Liu L, Williams DE, Mayer-Davis EJ, D'Agostino RB, Bell R, Marcovina S. Association of DASH diet with cardiovascular risk factors in youth with diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Circulation. 2011 Apr 05; 123(13):1410-7. PMID: 21422385.
      Citations:    
    92. Kirk JK, Grzywacz JG, Chapman C, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Ip EH, Quandt SA. Blood glucose symptom recognition: perspectives of older rural adults. Diabetes Educ. 2011 May-Jun; 37(3):363-9. PMID: 21415287.
      Citations:    
    93. Quandt SA, Savoca MR, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Gilbert GH, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Arcury TA. Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in north Carolina. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Mar; 59(3):439-45. PMID: 21391935.
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    94. Stoller EP, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Chapman C, Altizer KP, Arcury TA. Calling the doctor: a qualitative study of patient-initiated physician consultation among rural older adults. J Aging Health. 2011 Aug; 23(5):782-805. PMID: 21311048.
      Citations:    
    95. Bortsov A, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB, Hamman RF, Klingensmith GJ, Lawrence JM, Maahs DM, McKeown R, Marcovina SM, Thomas J, Mayer-Davis EJ. Correlates of dietary intake in youth with diabetes: results from the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2011 Mar-Apr; 43(2):123-9. PMID: 21276755.
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    96. Bortsov AV, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino RB, Hamman RF, Klingensmith GJ, Lawrence JM, Maahs DM, McKeown R, Marcovina SM, Thomas J, Williams DE, Mayer-Davis EJ. Sugar-sweetened and diet beverage consumption is associated with cardiovascular risk factor profile in youth with type 1 diabetes. Acta Diabetol. 2011 Dec; 48(4):275-282. PMID: 21249401.
      Citations:    
    97. Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Impact of denture usage patterns on dietary quality and food avoidance among older adults. J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr. 2011; 30(1):86-102. PMID: 23286643.
      Citations:    
    98. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Nguyen HT, Altizer K, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Daily use of complementary and other therapies for symptoms among older adults: study design and illustrative results. J Aging Health. 2011 Feb; 23(1):52-69. PMID: 20937796.
      Citations:    
    99. Moore JB, Bell RA. Physical activity and obesity prevention in American Indian youth: the path forward. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2010 Sep-Oct; 16(5):379-80. PMID: 20689384.
      Citations:    
    100. Nguyen HT, Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Chapman C, Kirk JK, Ip EH, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jun; 58(6):1123-7. PMID: 20722846.
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    101. Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Association between dietary quality of rural older adults and self-reported food avoidance and food modification due to oral health problems. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jul; 58(7):1225-32. PMID: 20533966.
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    102. Rodriguez BL, Dabelea D, Liese AD, Fujimoto W, Waitzfelder B, Liu L, Bell R, Talton J, Snively BM, Kershnar A, Urbina E, Daniels S, Imperatore G. Prevalence and correlates of elevated blood pressure in youth with diabetes mellitus: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. J Pediatr. 2010 Aug; 157(2):245-251.e1. PMID: 20394942.
      Citations:    
    103. Brewer-Lowry AN, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Differentiating approaches to diabetes self-management of multi-ethnic rural older adults at the extremes of glycemic control. Gerontologist. 2010 Oct; 50(5):657-67. PMID: 20110333.
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    104. Bell RA, Andrews JS, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Golden SL, Quandt SA. Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults. Am J Health Behav. 2010 Jan-Feb; 34(1):36-44. PMID: 19663750.
      Citations:    
    105. Bell R. Poverty's impact on the health of North Carolina: the socioeconomic determinants of health. N C Med J. 2010 Jan-Feb; 71(1):77-8. PMID: 20369682.
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    106. Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Bell RA, Chen H, Anderson A, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. The diet quality of rural older adults in the South as measured by healthy eating index-2005 varies by ethnicity. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Dec; 109(12):2063-7. PMID: 19942025.
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    107. Savoca MR, Arcury TA, Leng X, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Kohrman T, Frazier RJ, Gilbert GH, Quandt SA. Severe tooth loss in older adults as a key indicator of compromised dietary quality. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Apr; 13(4):466-74. PMID: 19691903.
      Citations:    
    108. Petitti DB, Klingensmith GJ, Bell RA, Andrews JS, Dabelea D, Imperatore G, Marcovina S, Pihoker C, Standiford D, Waitzfelder B, Mayer-Davis E. Glycemic control in youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in Youth Study. J Pediatr. 2009 Nov; 155(5):668-72.e1-3. PMID: 19643434.
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    109. Quandt SA, Chen H, Bell RA, Savoca MR, Anderson AM, Leng X, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Arcury TA. Food avoidance and food modification practices of older rural adults: association with oral health status and implications for service provision. Gerontologist. 2010 Feb; 50(1):100-11. PMID: 19574543.
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    110. Quandt SA, Chen H, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Gilbert GH, Arcury TA. Disparities in oral health status between older adults in a multiethnic rural community: the rural nutrition and oral health study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Aug; 57(8):1369-75. PMID: 19563519.
      Citations:    
    111. Mayer-Davis EJ, Ma B, Lawson A, D'Agostino RB, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Dolan L, Pettitt DJ, Rodriguez BL, Williams D. Cardiovascular disease risk factors in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: implications of a factor analysis of clustering. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2009 Apr; 7(2):89-95. PMID: 18847385.
      Citations:    
    112. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Chen H, Anderson AM, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use. Addict Behav. 2009 Aug; 34(8):662-7. PMID: 19361932.
      Citations:    
    113. Quandt SA, Bell RA, Snively BM, Vitolins MZ, Wetmore-Arkader LK, Arcury TA. Dietary fat reduction behaviors among African American, American Indian, and white older adults with diabetes. J Nutr Elder. 2009 Apr; 28(2):143-57. PMID: 20396599.
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    114. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Stoller EP, Bell RA, Altizer KP, Chapman C, Quandt SA. Complementary therapy use and health self-management among rural older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2009 Sep; 64(5):635-43. PMID: 19289376.
      Citations:    
    115. Mayer-Davis EJ, Beyer J, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino R, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM, Liese AD, Liu L, Marcovina S, Rodriguez B. Diabetes in African American youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009 Mar; 32 Suppl 2:S112-22. PMID: 19246576.
      Citations:    
    116. Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ, Beyer JW, D'Agostino RB, Lawrence JM, Linder B, Liu LL, Marcovina SM, Rodriguez BL, Williams D, Dabelea D. Diabetes in non-Hispanic white youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009 Mar; 32 Suppl 2:S102-11. PMID: 19246575.
      Citations:    
    117. Mayer-Davis EJ, Bell RA, Dabelea D, D'Agostino R, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM, Liu L, Marcovina S. The many faces of diabetes in American youth: type 1 and type 2 diabetes in five race and ethnic populations: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Diabetes Care. 2009 Mar; 32 Suppl 2:S99-101. PMID: 19246580.
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    118. Arcury TA, Bell RA, Anderson AM, Chen H, Savoca MR, Kohrman T, Quandt SA. Oral health self-care behaviors of rural older adults. J Public Health Dent. 2009; 69(3):182-9. PMID: 19486460.
      Citations:    
    119. Günther AL, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea D, Lawrence JM, Rodriguez BL, Standiford DA, Mayer-Davis EJ. Association between the dietary approaches to hypertension diet and hypertension in youth with diabetes mellitus. Hypertension. 2009 Jan; 53(1):6-12. PMID: 19029488.
      Citations:    
    120. Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Neiberg R, Lang W, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Age-related differences in the conventional health care-complementary and alternative medicine link. Am J Health Behav. 2008 Nov-Dec; 32(6):650-63. PMID: 18442344.
      Citations:    
    121. Lawrence JM, Liese AD, Liu L, Dabelea D, Anderson A, Imperatore G, Bell R. Weight-loss practices and weight-related issues among youth with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008 Dec; 31(12):2251-7. PMID: 18809623.
      Citations:    
    122. Maahs DM, Snively BM, Beyer J, Imperatore G, Bell R, Mayer-Davis EJ, Dolan LM, Pettitt DJ, Hirsch I, Rodriguez B, Dabelea D. Birth weight [corrected] and elevated albumin to creatinine ratio in youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Dec; 23(12):2255-60. PMID: 18607639.
      Citations:    
    123. Liese AD, Liu L, Davis C, Standiford D, Waitzfelder B, Dabelea D, Bell R, Williams D, Imperatore G, Lawrence JM. Participation in pediatric epidemiologic research: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study experience. Contemp Clin Trials. 2008 Nov; 29(6):829-36. PMID: 18573350.
      Citations:    
    124. Kirk JK, Bertoni AG, Case D, Bell RA, Goff DC, Narayan KM. Predicted risk of coronary heart disease among persons with type 2 diabetes. Coron Artery Dis. 2007 Dec; 18(8):595-600. PMID: 18004108.
      Citations:    
    125. Kirk JK, Passmore LV, Bell RA, Narayan KM, D'Agostino RB, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Disparities in A1C levels between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb; 31(2):240-6. PMID: 17977939.
      Citations:    
    126. Maahs DM, Snively BM, Bell RA, Dolan L, Hirsch I, Imperatore G, Linder B, Marcovina SM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pettitt DJ, Rodriguez BL, Dabelea D. Higher prevalence of elevated albumin excretion in youth with type 2 than type 1 diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Diabetes Care. 2007 Oct; 30(10):2593-8. PMID: 17630264.
      Citations:    
    127. Dabelea D, Bell RA, D'Agostino RB, Imperatore G, Johansen JM, Linder B, Liu LL, Loots B, Marcovina S, Mayer-Davis EJ, Pettitt DJ, Waitzfelder B. Incidence of diabetes in youth in the United States. JAMA. 2007 Jun 27; 297(24):2716-24. PMID: 17595272.
      Citations:    
    128. Quandt SA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Tooze JA, Bell RA, Davis CC, DeVellis RF, Arcury TA. Comparative validation of standard, picture-sort and meal-based food-frequency questionnaires adapted for an elderly population of low socio-economic status. Public Health Nutr. 2007 May; 10(5):524-32. PMID: 17411474.
      Citations:    
    129. Tooze JA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Arcury TA, Davis CC, Bell RA, DeVellis RF, Quandt SA. High levels of low energy reporting on 24-hour recalls and three questionnaires in an elderly low-socioeconomic status population. J Nutr. 2007 May; 137(5):1286-93. PMID: 17449594.
      Citations:    
    130. Grzywacz JG, Suerken CK, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Bell RA, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Age, ethnicity, and use of complementary and alternative medicine in health self-management. J Health Soc Behav. 2007 Mar; 48(1):84-98. PMID: 17476925.
      Citations:    
    131. Arcury TA, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Neiberg RH, Lang W, Quandt SA. Herbal remedy use as health self-management among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007 Mar; 62(2):S142-9. PMID: 17379684.
      Citations:    
    132. Vitolins MZ, Tooze JA, Golden SL, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Davis C, Devellis RF, Quandt SA. Older adults in the rural South are not meeting healthful eating guidelines. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Feb; 107(2):265-272. PMID: 17258963.
      Citations:    
    133. Quandt SA, Graham CN, Bell RA, Snively BM, Golden SL, Stafford JM, Arcury TA. Ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among older rural adults with diabetes. Ethn Dis. 2007; 17(3):471-6. PMID: 17985500.
      Citations:    
    134. Kirk JK, Graves DE, Bell RA, Hildebrandt CA, Narayan KM. Racial and ethnic disparities in self-monitoring of blood glucose among US adults: a qualitative review. Ethn Dis. 2007; 17(1):135-42. PMID: 17274223.
      Citations:    
    135. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Stafford JM, Golden SL, Snively BM, Quandt SA. Ethnic and sex differences in ownership of preventive health equipment among rural older adults with diabetes. J Rural Health. 2007; 23(4):332-8. PMID: 17868240.
      Citations:    
    136. Arcury TA, Stafford JM, Bell RA, Golden SL, Snively BM, Quandt SA. The association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among rural, ethnically diverse, older adults with diabetes. J Rural Health. 2007; 23(3):246-53. PMID: 17565525.
      Citations:    
    137. Bell RA, Suerken CK, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. CAM use among older adults age 65 or older with hypertension in the United States: general use and disease treatment. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Nov; 12(9):903-9. PMID: 17109582.
      Citations:    
    138. Paskett E, Tatum C, Rushing J, Michielutte R, Bell R, Long Foley K, Bittoni M, Dickinson SL, McAlearney AS, Reeves K. Randomized trial of an intervention to improve mammography utilization among a triracial rural population of women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Sep 06; 98(17):1226-37. PMID: 16954475.
      Citations:    
    139. Kirk JK, D'Agostino RB, Bell RA, Passmore LV, Bonds DE, Karter AJ, Narayan KM. Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep; 29(9):2130-6. PMID: 16936167.
      Citations:    
    140. Bell RA, Suerken CK, Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Quandt SA, Arcury TA. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults with diabetes in the United States. Altern Ther Health Med. 2006 Sep-Oct; 12(5):16-22. PMID: 17017751.
      Citations:    
    141. Rodriguez BL, Fujimoto WY, Mayer-Davis EJ, Imperatore G, Williams DE, Bell RA, Wadwa RP, Palla SL, Liu LL, Kershnar A, Daniels SR, Linder B. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. children and adolescents with diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1891-6. PMID: 16873798.
      Citations:    
    142. Ma B, Lawson AB, Liese AD, Bell RA, Mayer-Davis EJ. Dairy, magnesium, and calcium intake in relation to insulin sensitivity: approaches to modeling a dose-dependent association. Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Sep 01; 164(5):449-58. PMID: 16861328.
      Citations:    
    143. Bachar JJ, Lefler LJ, Reed L, McCoy T, Bailey R, Bell R. Cherokee Choices: a diabetes prevention program for American Indians. Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 Jul; 3(3):A103. PMID: 16776864.
      Citations:    
    144. Grzywacz JG, Suerken CK, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Lang W, Arcury TA. Older adults' use of complementary and alternative medicine for mental health: findings from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Jun; 12(5):467-73. PMID: 16813511.
      Citations:    
    145. Mayer-Davis EJ, Nichols M, Liese AD, Bell RA, Dabelea DM, Johansen JM, Pihoker C, Rodriguez BL, Thomas J, Williams D. Dietary intake among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 May; 106(5):689-97. PMID: 16647326.
      Citations:    
    146. Bell RA, Stafford JM, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use and Diabetes Self-Management Among Rural Older Adults. Complement Health Pract Rev. 2006 Apr 01; 11(2):95-106. PMID: 19756166.
      Citations:    
    147. Lawrence JM, Standiford DA, Loots B, Klingensmith GJ, Williams DE, Ruggiero A, Liese AD, Bell RA, Waitzfelder BE, McKeown RE. Prevalence and correlates of depressed mood among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Pediatrics. 2006 Apr; 117(4):1348-58. PMID: 16585333.
      Citations:    
    148. Quandt SA, Stafford JM, Bell RA, Smith SL, Snively BM, Arcury TA. Predictors of falls in a multiethnic population of older rural adults with diabetes. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Apr; 61(4):394-8. PMID: 16611707.
      Citations:    
    149. Arcury TA, Bell RA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Skelly AH, Wetmore LK, Quandt SA. Complementary and alternative medicine use as health self-management: rural older adults with diabetes. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2006 Mar; 61(2):S62-70. PMID: 16497962.
      Citations:    
    150. Arcury TA, Snively BM, Bell RA, Smith SL, Stafford JM, Wetmore-Arkader LK, Quandt SA. Physical activity among rural older adults with diabetes. J Rural Health. 2006; 22(2):164-8. PMID: 16606429.
      Citations:    
    151. Arcury TA, Suerken CK, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Lang W, Quandt SA. Complementary and alternative medicine use among older adults: ethnic variation. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(3):723-31. PMID: 16937611.
      Citations:    
    152. Bell RA, Davis CC, Tooze JA, Vitolins MZ, Smith SL, Arcury TA, DeVellis RF, Quandt SA. Consumption of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults: the Rural Nutrition and Health (RUN) Study. J Nutr Elder. 2006; 25(3-4):23-40. PMID: 18032214.
      Citations:    
    153. Grzywacz JG, Arcury TA, Bell RA, Lang W, Suerken CK, Smith SL, Quandt SA. Ethnic differences in elders' home remedy use: sociostructural explanations. Am J Health Behav. 2006 Jan-Feb; 30(1):39-50. PMID: 16430319.
      Citations:    
    154. Farmer DF, Bell RA, Stark N. Cancer screening among Native Americans in eastern North Carolina. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005 Nov; 16(4):634-42. PMID: 16311489.
      Citations:    
    155. Bertoni AG, Kirk JK, Case LD, Kay C, Goff DC, Narayan KM, Bell RA. The effects of race and region on cardiovascular morbidity among elderly Americans with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005 Nov; 28(11):2620-5. PMID: 16249529.
      Citations:    
    156. Bullock A, Bell RA. Stress, trauma, and coronary heart disease among Native Americans. Am J Public Health. 2005 Dec; 95(12):2122-3. PMID: 16257937.
      Citations:    
    157. Quandt SA, Chen H, Grzywacz JG, Bell RA, Lang W, Arcury TA. Use of complementary and alternative medicine by persons with arthritis: results of the National Health Interview Survey. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Oct 15; 53(5):748-55. PMID: 16208669.
      Citations:    
    158. Grzywacz JG, Lang W, Suerken C, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Arcury TA. Age, race, and ethnicity in the use of complementary and alternative medicine for health self-management: evidence from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey. J Aging Health. 2005 Oct; 17(5):547-72. PMID: 16177450.
      Citations:    
    159. Foy CG, Bell RA, Farmer DF, Goff DC, Wagenknecht LE. Smoking and incidence of diabetes among U.S. adults: findings from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care. 2005 Oct; 28(10):2501-7. PMID: 16186287.
      Citations:    
    160. Kirk JK, Bell RA, Bertoni AG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA, Goff DC, Narayan KM. Ethnic disparities: control of glycemia, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol among US adults with type 2 diabetes. Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Sep; 39(9):1489-501. PMID: 16076917.
      Citations:    
    161. Smith SL, Quandt SA, Arcury TA, Wetmore LK, Bell RA, Vitolins MZ. Aging and eating in the rural, southern United States: beliefs about salt and its effect on health. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Jan; 62(1):189-98. PMID: 15990209.
      Citations:    
    162. Quandt SA, Spangler JG, Case LD, Bell RA, Belflower AE. Smokeless tobacco use accelerates age-related loss of bone mineral density among older women in a multi-ethnic rural community. J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2005 Jun; 20(2):109-25. PMID: 16917747.
      Citations:    
    163. Kirk JK, Bell RA, Bertoni AG, Arcury TA, Quandt SA, Goff DC, Narayan KM. A qualitative review of studies of diabetes preventive care among minority patients in the United States, 1993-2003. Am J Manag Care. 2005 Jun; 11(6):349-60. PMID: 15974554.
      Citations:    
    164. Bell RA, Smith SL, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Stafford JM, Quandt SA. Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among rural older African Americans, Native Americans, and whites with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005 Apr; 28(4):823-9. PMID: 15793180.
      Citations:    
    165. Bell RA, Camacho F, Duren-Winfield VT, Bonds DE, Anderson RT, Konen JC, Goff DC. Improving diabetes care among low-income North Carolinians: Project IDEAL. N C Med J. 2005 Mar-Apr; 66(2):96-102. PMID: 15952458.
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    166. Bell RA, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Stafford JM, Dohanish R, Quandt SA. Diabetes foot self-care practices in a rural triethnic population. Diabetes Educ. 2005 Jan-Feb; 31(1):75-83. PMID: 15779248.
      Citations:    
    167. Quandt SA, Bell RA, Snively BM, Smith SL, Stafford JM, Wetmore LK, Arcury TA. Ethnic disparities in glycemic control among rural older adults with type 2 diabetes. Ethn Dis. 2005; 15(4):656-63. PMID: 16259490.
      Citations:    
    168. Bell RA, Quandt SA, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Stafford JM, Smith SL, Skelly AH. Primary and specialty medical care among ethnically diverse, older rural adults with type 2 diabetes: the ELDER Diabetes Study. J Rural Health. 2005; 21(3):198-205. PMID: 16092292.
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    169. Skelly AH, Arcury TA, Snively BM, Bell RA, Smith SL, Wetmore LK, Quandt SA. Self-monitoring of blood glucose in a multiethnic population of rural older adults with diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2005 Jan-Feb; 31(1):84-90. PMID: 15779249.
      Citations:    
    170. Hardy LR, Harrell JS, Bell RA. Overweight in children: definitions, measurements, confounding factors, and health consequences. J Pediatr Nurs. 2004 Dec; 19(6):376-84. PMID: 15637578.
      Citations:    
    171. Bonds DE, Camacho F, Bell RA, Duren-Winfield VT, Anderson RT, Goff DC. The association of patient trust and self-care among patients with diabetes mellitus. BMC Fam Pract. 2004 Nov 16; 5:26. PMID: 15546482.
      Citations:    
    172. Bell RA. Health issues facing the state's American Indian populations. N C Med J. 2004 Nov-Dec; 65(6):353-5. PMID: 15714724.
      Citations:    
    173. White JC, Bell RA, Langefeld CD, Jackson SA. Preventive foot-care practices among adults with diabetes in North Carolina, 1997 to 2001. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Sep-Oct; 94(5):483-91. PMID: 15377725.
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    174. Duren-Winfield VT, Bell RA, Camacho F, Bonds D, Anderson RT, Goff DC. Partnership approaches to reducing socioeconomic disparities in diabetes care in North Carolina. Diabetes Educ. 2004 Jul-Aug; 30(4):600, 602, 604 passim. PMID: 15669778.
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    175. Anderson RT, Balkrishnan R, Camacho F, Bell R, Duren-Winfield V, Goff D. Patient-centered outcomes of diabetes self-care. Associations with satisfaction and general health in a community clinic setting. N C Med J. 2003 Mar-Apr; 64(2):58-65. PMID: 12774734.
      Citations:    
    176. Bell RA, Vitolins MZ, Arcury TA, Quandt SA. Food consumption patterns of rural older African American, Native American, and white adults in North Carolina. J Nutr Elder. 2003; 23(2):1-16. PMID: 14714678.
      Citations:    
    177. Spangler JG, Case LD, Bell RA, Quandt SA. Tobacco use in a tri-ethnic population of older women in southeastern North Carolina. Ethn Dis. 2003; 13(2):226-32. PMID: 12785420.
      Citations:    
    178. Mayer-Davis EJ, Costacou T, King I, Zaccaro DJ, Bell RA. Plasma and dietary vitamin E in relation to incidence of type 2 diabetes: The Insulin Resistance and Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Care. 2002 Dec; 25(12):2172-7. PMID: 12453956.
      Citations:    
    179. Bell RA, Jones-Vessey K, Summerson JH. Hospitalizations and outcomes for diabetic gastroparesis in North Carolina. South Med J. 2002 Nov; 95(11):1297-9. PMID: 12539997.
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    180. Cooper DE, Goff DC, Bell RA, Zaccaro D, Mayer-Davis EJ, Karter AJ. Is insulin sensitivity a causal intermediate in the relationship between alcohol consumption and carotid atherosclerosis?: the insulin resistance and atherosclerosis study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Aug; 25(8):1425-31. PMID: 12145245.
      Citations:    
    181. Bell RA, Quandt SA, Spangler JG, Case LD. Dietary calcium intake and supplement use among older African American, white, and Native American women in a rural southeastern community. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Jun; 102(6):844-7. PMID: 12067054.
      Citations:    
    182. Summerson JH, Bell RA, Konen JC, Spangler JG. Differential impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor clustering on CVD and renal disease among African-American and white patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ethn Dis. 2002; 12(4):530-4. PMID: 12477139.
      Citations:    
    183. Stark N, Paskett E, Bell R, Cooper MR, Walker E, Wilson A, Tatum C. Increasing participation of minorities in cancer clinical trials: summary of the "Moving Beyond the Barriers" Conference in North Carolina. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 Jan; 94(1):31-9. PMID: 11837350.
      Citations:    
    184. Vitolins MZ, Quandt SA, Bell RA, Arcury TA, Case LD. Quality of diets consumed by older rural adults. J Rural Health. 2002; 18(1):49-56. PMID: 12043755.
      Citations:    
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