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Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Last Name

Brian A. McCool, Ph.D.

TitleInterim Chair
InstitutionWake Forest School of Medicine
DepartmentPhysiology and Pharmacology
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    University of Texas, Austin, TXBS05/1988Molecular Biology
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TNPh.D.05/1993Molecular Biology
    Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, TNPostDoc05/1997Molecular Pharmacology
    Collapse awards and honors
    2017 - 2018Mentor Academy, Wake Forest Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    2015 - 2016Mentor of the Year, Neuroscience Program, WFSM
    2015 - presEditorial Board, Frontiers in Molecular Medicine
    2015 - presEditorial Board, Neuropharmacology Section, Frontiers in Pharmacology
    2014 - 2015Mentor of the Year, Neuroscience Program, WFSM
    2009 - 2011President, Western North Carolina Chapter of the Society for Neuroscience, Wake Forest School of Medicine
    2008 - 2012Permanent Member, Neurotoxicology & Alcohol Study Section, NIH/CSR
    2006 - presEditorial Board, Alcohol
    1992Graduate Research Excellence Award, Vanderbilt Univ., Dept. Molecular Biology

    Collapse Overview 

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    T32AA007565     (MCCOOL, BRIAN A)Jul 1, 1994 - Jun 30, 2019
    Multidisciplinary Training in the Biology of Alcohol Addiction
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21AA013120     (MCCOOL, BRIAN A)Jun 1, 2001 - Nov 30, 2004
    Ethanol &Anxiety:Fearful Adaptations in the Amygdala
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AA014445     (MCCOOL, BRIAN A)Jul 1, 2003 - Nov 30, 2023
    Ethanol & Anxiety: Cellular Mechanisms
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AA023999     (JONES, SARA RAULERSON)Aug 5, 2015 - Jun 30, 2020
    Ethanol Dependence Induced Changes in Dopamine Signaling in Basolateral Amygdala
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    P50AA026117     (WEINER, JEFF)Dec 1, 2017 - Nov 30, 2022
    Role Description: The overall goals of the center are to understand the neurobiological mechanisms conferring vulnerability and resilience to the development of alcohol use disorder. Project 3 will focus on adolescent ethanol exposure.
    Role: Project 3 Principal Investigator

    R21AA026572     (MCCOOL, BRIAN A)Sep 1, 2018 - Aug 31, 2020
    Role Description: The goal of this study is to understand the molecular mechanisms controlling acute ethanol inhibition of glutamatergic presynaptic vesicle recycling.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21AA026572     (MCCOOL, BRIAN A)Sep 1, 2018 - Aug 31, 2020
    Ethanol Modulation of Presynaptic Vesicle Recycling: Role of Munc13 Proteins
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Karkhanis AN, Leach AC, Yorgason JT, Uneri A, Barth S, Niere F, Alexander NJ, Weiner JL, McCool BA, Raab-Graham KF, Ferris MJ, Jones SR. Chronic Social Isolation Stress during Peri-Adolescence Alters Presynaptic Dopamine Terminal Dynamics via Augmentation in Accumbal Dopamine Availability. ACS Chem Neurosci. 2018 Oct 16. PMID: 30284806.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Alexander NJ, Rau AR, Jimenez VA, Daunais JB, Grant KA, McCool BA. SNARE Complex-Associated Proteins in the Lateral Amygdala of Macaca mulatta Following Long-Term Ethanol Drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Sep; 42(9):1661-1673. PMID: 29944190.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Morales M, McGinnis MM, Robinson SL, Chappell AM, McCool BA. Chronic Intermittent Ethanol Exposure Modulation of Glutamatergic Neurotransmission in Rat Lateral/Basolateral Amygdala is Duration-, Input-, and Sex-Dependent. Neuroscience. 2018 02 10; 371:277-287. PMID: 29237566.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Gioia DA, Alexander N, McCool BA. Ethanol Mediated Inhibition of Synaptic Vesicle Recycling at Amygdala Glutamate Synapses Is Dependent upon Munc13-2. Front Neurosci. 2017; 11:424. PMID: 28785200.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Luessen DJ, Sun H, McGinnis MM, McCool BA, Chen R. Chronic intermittent ethanol exposure selectively alters the expression of Ga subunit isoforms and RGS subtypes in rat prefrontal cortex. Brain Res. 2017 Oct 01; 1672:106-112. PMID: 28736108.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Gioia DA, McCool B. Strain-Dependent Effects of Acute Alcohol on Synaptic Vesicle Recycling and Post-Tetanic Potentiation in Medial Glutamate Inputs to the Mouse Basolateral Amygdala. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 04; 41(4):735-746. PMID: 28118494.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Gioia DA, Alexander NJ, McCool BA. Differential Expression of Munc13-2 Produces Unique Synaptic Phenotypes in the Basolateral Amygdala of C57BL/6J and DBA/2J Mice. J Neurosci. 2016 10 26; 36(43):10964-10977. PMID: 27798178.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Luessen DJ, Hinshaw TP, Sun H, Howlett AC, Marrs G, McCool BA, Chen R. RGS2 modulates the activity and internalization of dopamine D2 receptors in neuroblastoma N2A cells. Neuropharmacology. 2016 11; 110(Pt A):297-307. PMID: 27528587.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Rose JH, Karkhanis AN, Chen R, Gioia D, Lopez MF, Becker HC, McCool BA, Jones SR. Supersensitive Kappa Opioid Receptors Promotes Ethanol Withdrawal-Related Behaviors and Reduce Dopamine Signaling in the Nucleus Accumbens. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2016 05; 19(5). PMID: 26625893; PMCID: PMC4886667.
    10. Robinson SL, Alexander NJ, Bluett RJ, Patel S, McCool BA. Acute and chronic ethanol exposure differentially regulate CB1 receptor function at glutamatergic synapses in the rat basolateral amygdala. Neuropharmacology. 2016 09; 108:474-84. PMID: 26707595.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Morales M, McGinnis MM, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol exposure increases voluntary home cage intake in adult male, but not female, Long-Evans rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2015 Dec; 139(Pt A):67-76. PMID: 26515190; PMCID: PMC4722864 [Available on 12/01/16].
    12. Robinson SL, McCool BA. Microstructural analysis of rat ethanol and water drinking patterns using a modified operant self-administration model. Physiol Behav. 2015 Oct 01; 149:119-30. PMID: 26037631; PMCID: PMC4506870 [Available on 10/01/16].
    13. Karkhanis AN, Alexander NJ, McCool BA, Weiner JL, Jones SR. Chronic social isolation during adolescence augments catecholamine response to acute ethanol in the basolateral amygdala. Synapse. 2015 Aug; 69(8):385-95. PMID: 25963724; PMCID: PMC4578716.
    14. McCool BA, Chappell AM. Chronic intermittent ethanol inhalation increases ethanol self-administration in both C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice. Alcohol. 2015 Mar; 49(2):111-20. PMID: 25659650; PMCID: PMC4339516.
    15. Karkhanis AN, Locke JL, McCool BA, Weiner JL, Jones SR. Social isolation rearing increases nucleus accumbens dopamine and norepinephrine responses to acute ethanol in adulthood. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Nov; 38(11):2770-9. PMID: 25421514; PMCID: PMC4519347.
    16. Peterson VL, McCool BA, Hamilton DA. Effects of ethanol exposure and withdrawal on dendritic morphology and spine density in the nucleus accumbens core and shell. Brain Res. 2015 Jan 12; 1594:125-35. PMID: 25452024; PMCID: PMC4267557.
    17. McCool BA, Christian DT, Fetzer JA, Chappell AM. Lateral/basolateral amygdala serotonin type-2 receptors modulate operant self-administration of a sweetened ethanol solution via inhibition of principal neuron activity. Front Integr Neurosci. 2014; 8:5. PMID: 24523680; PMCID: PMC3906593.
    18. McCool BA, Chappell AM. Persistent enhancement of ethanol drinking following a monosodium glutamate-substitution procedure in C57BL6/J and DBA/2J mice. Alcohol. 2014 Feb; 48(1):55-61. PMID: 24355071; PMCID: PMC3946935.
    19. Abrahao KP, Ariwodola OJ, Butler TR, Rau AR, Skelly MJ, Carter E, Alexander NP, McCool BA, Souza-Formigoni ML, Weiner JL. Locomotor sensitization to ethanol impairs NMDA receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity in the nucleus accumbens and increases ethanol self-administration. J Neurosci. 2013 Mar 13; 33(11):4834-42. PMID: 23486954; PMCID: PMC3658831.
    20. Christian DT, Alexander NJ, Diaz MR, McCool BA. Thalamic glutamatergic afferents into the rat basolateral amygdala exhibit increased presynaptic glutamate function following withdrawal from chronic intermittent ethanol. Neuropharmacology. 2013 Feb; 65:134-42. PMID: 22982568; PMCID: PMC3521082.
    21. Chappell AM, Carter E, McCool BA, Weiner JL. Adolescent rearing conditions influence the relationship between initial anxiety-like behavior and ethanol drinking in male Long Evans rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013 Jan; 37 Suppl 1:E394-403. PMID: 22924742; PMCID: PMC3529208.
    22. Christian DT, Alexander NJ, Diaz MR, Robinson S, McCool BA. Chronic intermittent ethanol and withdrawal differentially modulate basolateral amygdala AMPA-type glutamate receptor function and trafficking. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Jun; 62(7):2430-9. PMID: 22387532; PMCID: PMC3314101.
    23. Diaz MR, Chappell AM, Christian DT, Anderson NJ, McCool BA. Dopamine D3-like receptors modulate anxiety-like behavior and regulate GABAergic transmission in the rat lateral/basolateral amygdala. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2011 Apr; 36(5):1090-103. PMID: 21270771; PMCID: PMC3074203.
    24. Diaz MR, Christian DT, Anderson NJ, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol and withdrawal differentially modulate lateral/basolateral amygdala paracapsular and local GABAergic synapses. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2011 Apr; 337(1):162-70. PMID: 21209156; PMCID: PMC3063746.
    25. McCool BA. Ethanol modulation of synaptic plasticity. Neuropharmacology. 2011 Dec; 61(7):1097-108. PMID: 21195719; PMCID: PMC3149748.
    26. McCool BA, Chappell AM. Using monosodium glutamate to initiate ethanol self-administration in inbred mouse strains. Addict Biol. 2012 Jan; 17(1):121-31. PMID: 21054690; PMCID: PMC3081409.
    27. McCool BA, Christian DT, Diaz MR, Läck AK. Glutamate plasticity in the drunken amygdala: the making of an anxious synapse. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2010; 91:205-33. PMID: 20813244; PMCID: PMC3032604.
    28. Silberman Y, Bajo M, Chappell AM, Christian DT, Cruz M, Diaz MR, Kash T, Lack AK, Messing RO, Siggins GR, Winder D, Roberto M, McCool BA, Weiner JL. Neurobiological mechanisms contributing to alcohol-stress-anxiety interactions. Alcohol. 2009 Nov; 43(7):509-19. PMID: 19913194; PMCID: PMC2814297.
    29. Läck AK, Christian DT, Diaz MR, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol and withdrawal effects on kainate receptor-mediated excitatory neurotransmission in the rat basolateral amygdala. Alcohol. 2009 Feb; 43(1):25-33. PMID: 19185207; PMCID: PMC2662731.
    30. McCool BA, Chappell AM. Early social isolation in male Long-Evans rats alters both appetitive and consummatory behaviors expressed during operant ethanol self-administration. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Feb; 33(2):273-82. PMID: 19032581; PMCID: PMC2633417.
    31. Läck AK, Ariwodola OJ, Chappell AM, Weiner JL, McCool BA. Ethanol inhibition of kainate receptor-mediated excitatory neurotransmission in the rat basolateral nucleus of the amygdala. Neuropharmacology. 2008 Oct; 55(5):661-8. PMID: 18617194; PMCID: PMC2615485.
    32. Läck AK, Diaz MR, Chappell A, DuBois DW, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol and withdrawal differentially modulate pre- and postsynaptic function at glutamatergic synapses in rat basolateral amygdala. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Dec; 98(6):3185-96. PMID: 17898152; PMCID: PMC2269699.
    33. Budygin EA, Oleson EB, Mathews TA, Läck AK, Diaz MR, McCool BA, Jones SR. Effects of chronic alcohol exposure on dopamine uptake in rat nucleus accumbens and caudate putamen. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2007 Sep; 193(4):495-501. PMID: 17492432.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Anderson NJ, Daunais JB, Friedman DP, Grant KA, McCool BA. Long-term ethanol self-administration by the nonhuman primate, Macaca fascicularis, decreases the benzodiazepine sensitivity of amygdala GABA(A) receptors. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jun; 31(6):1061-70. PMID: 17428292; PMCID: PMC2288551.
    35. McCool BA, Chappell A. Strychnine and taurine modulation of amygdala-associated anxiety-like behavior is 'state' dependent. Behav Brain Res. 2007 Mar 12; 178(1):70-81. PMID: 17207866; PMCID: PMC1839829.
    36. Hemby SE, O'connor JA, Acosta G, Floyd D, Anderson N, McCool BA, Friedman D, Grant KA. Ethanol-induced regulation of GABA-A subunit mRNAs in prefrontal fields of cynomolgus monkeys. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Dec; 30(12):1978-85. PMID: 17117962.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Alexander GM, Carden WB, Mu J, Kurukulasuriya NC, McCool BA, Nordskog BK, Friedman DP, Daunais JB, Grant KA, Godwin DW. The native T-type calcium current in relay neurons of the primate thalamus. Neuroscience. 2006 Aug 11; 141(1):453-61. PMID: 16690211.
      View in: PubMed
    38. DuBois DW, Perlegas A, Floyd DW, Weiner JL, McCool BA. Distinct functional characteristics of the lateral/basolateral amygdala GABAergic system in C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Aug; 318(2):629-40. PMID: 16651400.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Läck AK, Floyd DW, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol ingestion modulates proanxiety factors expressed in rat central amygdala. Alcohol. 2005 Jun; 36(2):83-90. PMID: 16396741; PMCID: PMC1557647.
    40. Farroni JS, McCool BA. Extrinsic factors regulate partial agonist efficacy of strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors. BMC Pharmacol. 2004 Aug 09; 4:16. PMID: 15301692; PMCID: PMC514606.
    41. Floyd DW, Friedman DP, Daunais JB, Pierre PJ, Grant KA, McCool BA. Long-term ethanol self-administration by cynomolgus macaques alters the pharmacology and expression of GABAA receptors in basolateral amygdala. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Dec; 311(3):1071-9. PMID: 15280440.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Floyd DW, Jung KY, McCool BA. Chronic ethanol ingestion facilitates N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function and expression in rat lateral/basolateral amygdala neurons. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Dec; 307(3):1020-9. PMID: 14534353.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Vrana KE, Hipp JD, Goss AM, McCool BA, Riddle DR, Walker SJ, Wettstein PJ, Studer LP, Tabar V, Cunniff K, Chapman K, Vilner L, West MD, Grant KA, Cibelli JB. Nonhuman primate parthenogenetic stem cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Sep 30; 100 Suppl 1:11911-6. PMID: 14504386; PMCID: PMC304106.
    44. Botting SK, Frye GD, Pulido MD, McCool BA. Effects of chronic alcohol ingestion on rat lateral/basolateral amygdala ligand-gated chloride channels. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003 Apr; 985:479-80. PMID: 12724181; PMCID: PMC2925192.
    45. McCool BA, Frye GD, Pulido MD, Botting SK. Effects of chronic ethanol consumption on rat GABA(A) and strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors expressed by lateral/basolateral amygdala neurons. Brain Res. 2003 Feb 14; 963(1-2):165-77. PMID: 12560122; PMCID: PMC2925189.
    46. Hsiao SH, Parrish AR, Nahm SS, Abbott LC, McCool BA, Frye GD. Effects of early postnatal ethanol intubation on GABAergic synaptic proteins. Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 2002 Oct 20; 138(2):177-85. PMID: 12354645.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Jiang J, McCool BA, Parrish AR. Cadmium- and mercury-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in immortalized proximal tubule cells: evidence for a role of decreased transforming growth factor-beta1. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2002 Feb 15; 179(1):13-20. PMID: 11884233.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Han SH, McCool BA, Murchison D, Nahm SS, Parrish AR, Griffith WH. Single-cell RT-PCR detects shifts in mRNA expression profiles of basal forebrain neurons during aging. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002 Jan 31; 98(1-2):67-80. PMID: 11834297.
      View in: PubMed
    49. McCool BA, Farroni JS. Subunit composition of strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors expressed by adult rat basolateral amygdala neurons. Eur J Neurosci. 2001 Oct; 14(7):1082-90. PMID: 11683900; PMCID: PMC2922065.
    50. McCool BA, Farroni JS. A1 adenosine receptors inhibit multiple voltage-gated Ca2+ channel subtypes in acutely isolated rat basolateral amygdala neurons. Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Feb; 132(4):879-88. PMID: 11181429; PMCID: PMC1572624.
    51. McCool BA, Botting SK. Characterization of strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors in acutely isolated adult rat basolateral amygdala neurons. Brain Res. 2000 Mar 24; 859(2):341-51. PMID: 10719083.
      View in: PubMed
    52. McCool BA, Pin JP, Harpold MM, Brust PF, Stauderman KA, Lovinger DM. Rat group I metabotropic glutamate receptors inhibit neuronal Ca2+ channels via multiple signal transduction pathways in HEK 293 cells. J Neurophysiol. 1998 Jan; 79(1):379-91. PMID: 9425207.
      View in: PubMed
    53. McCool BA, Harpold MM, Stauderman KA, Brust PF, Lovinger DM. Relative contributions of G protein, channel, and receptor to voltage-dependent inhibition of neuronal N-type and P/Q-type calcium channels in HEK 293 cell lines. Neurosci Lett. 1997 Dec 19; 239(2-3):89-92. PMID: 9469663.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Lakhlani PP, MacMillan LB, Guo TZ, McCool BA, Lovinger DM, Maze M, Limbird LE. Substitution of a mutant alpha2a-adrenergic receptor via "hit and run" gene targeting reveals the role of this subtype in sedative, analgesic, and anesthetic-sparing responses in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Sep 02; 94(18):9950-5. PMID: 9275232; PMCID: PMC23306.
    55. McCool BA, Pin JP, Brust PF, Harpold MM, Lovinger DM. Functional coupling of rat group II metabotropic glutamate receptors to an omega-conotoxin GVIA-sensitive calcium channel in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Mol Pharmacol. 1996 Oct; 50(4):912-22. PMID: 8863837.
      View in: PubMed
    56. McCool BA, Lovinger DM. Ifenprodil inhibition of the 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptor. Neuropharmacology. 1995 Jun; 34(6):621-9. PMID: 7566498.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Ikeda SR, Lovinger DM, McCool BA, Lewis DL. Heterologous expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors in adult rat sympathetic neurons: subtype-specific coupling to ion channels. Neuron. 1995 May; 14(5):1029-38. PMID: 7538309.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Martin PR, McCool BA, Singleton CK. Molecular genetics of transketolase in the pathogenesis of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Metab Brain Dis. 1995 Mar; 10(1):45-55. PMID: 7596328.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Lovinger DM, McCool BA. Metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated presynaptic depression at corticostriatal synapses involves mGLuR2 or 3. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Mar; 73(3):1076-83. PMID: 7608756.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Singleton CK, Pekovich SR, McCool BA, Martin PR. The thiamine-dependent hysteretic behavior of human transketolase: implications for thiamine deficiency. J Nutr. 1995 Feb; 125(2):189-94. PMID: 7861245.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Martin PR, Pekovich SR, McCool BA, Whetsell WO, Singleton CK. Thiamine utilization in the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced brain damage. Alcohol Alcohol Suppl. 1994; 2:273-9. PMID: 8974347.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Martin PR, McCool BA, Singleton CK. Genetic sensitivity to thiamine deficiency and development of alcoholic organic brain disease. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1993 Feb; 17(1):31-7. PMID: 8452206.
      View in: PubMed
    63. McCool BA, Plonk SG, Martin PR, Singleton CK. Cloning of human transketolase cDNAs and comparison of the nucleotide sequence of the coding region in Wernicke-Korsakoff and non-Wernicke-Korsakoff individuals. J Biol Chem. 1993 Jan 15; 268(2):1397-404. PMID: 8419340.
      View in: PubMed
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